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Flashcards in Joints & Movements Deck (21):
1

the study of joints

arthrology

2

the study of movement

kinesiology (functional relationship between skeleton, muscles, and nerve supply)

3

sutures, syndesmoses, & gomphosis are ____ joints

fibrous

4

symphyses & synchondroses are ____ joints

cartilagenous

5

___ joints can be found in the knee

synovial

6

immovable joints

synarthrosis

7

slightly movable joints

amphiarthrosis

8

freely movable

diarthrosis

9

thin layer of fibrous CT connecting cranial bones, what their function?

sutures, synarthrosis

10

bones fuse to form a single bone

synostosis (fetal frontal bone fuses into 1)

11

articulating bones are held together by fibrous CT, whats their function?

syndesmoses, amphiarthrosis (connecting tibia/fibula- ligament)

12

gomphosis? an example & is functionally a ___

only 1 example- peridontal ligament (teeth)
attaches teeth into their sockets in alveolar bones
synarthrosis

13

__ is a thin pad of fibrocartilage between bones, functionally its...

symphysis
amphiarthrosis

14

__ is hyaline cartilage, and functionally ___

synchondrosis, amphiarthrosis in ribs and vertebrae (except when in epiphyseal plate then synarthrosis)

15

space between articulating bones that has fluid in joint cavity

synovial

16

classifying joints:
-flat articular surface
-a location

gliding joint (most simple movement)
intercarpal/tarsal

17

classifying joints:
-convex surface of one bone fits into concave surface of other bone
-a location

hinge joint
in antecubital area, helps bend upward

18

classifying joints:
-rounded surface of one bone articulates within a ring formned partly by bone and partly a ligament (rotation on single plane)
-location

pivot joint
neck (turning side to side) or wrist

19

classifying joints:
-oval shaped condyle articulating with a cavity of another (movement in 2 planes)
-location

condyloid or ellipsoidal (adduction/abduction)
radiocarpal joint/ radius

20

classifying joints:
-articular surface of one bone is saddle shaped (biaxial)
-location

saddle joint
base of thumb (trapezium)

21

classifying joints:
-ball like surface of one bone fits into a cup like depression of another (triaxial)
- location

ball and socket (spheroid)
shoulder (circumduction)