Joints Vocab Flashcards Preview

Anatomy > Joints Vocab > Flashcards

Flashcards in Joints Vocab Deck (20):
1

Arthritis

Inflammation of one or more joints, causing pain and stiffness that can worsen with age.

2

Bursa

a fluid-filled sac or saclike cavity, especially one countering friction at a joint.

3

Cartilaginous joint

connected entirely by cartilage; allow more movement between bones

4

Fibrous Joints

connected by dense connective tissue consisting mainly of collagen. These joints are also called fixed or immovable joints.

5

Joint Capsule

ligamentous sac that surrounds the articular cavity of a freely movable joint, is attached to the bones, completely encloses the joint, and is composed of an outer fibrous membrane and an inner synovial membrane

6

Ligaments

a short band of tough, flexible, fibrous connective tissue that connects two bones or cartilages or holds together a joint.

7

Gomphosis

a joint that binds the teeth to bony teeth sockets in the maxillary bone and mandible

8

Lyme Arthritis

an acute inflammatory disease characterized by a rash with joint swelling and fever

9

Menisci

a thin fibrous cartilage between the surfaces of some joints

10

Osteoarthritis

A type of arthritis that occurs when flexible tissue at the ends of bones wears down.

11

Rheumatoid Arthritis

A chronic inflammatory disorder affecting many joints, including those in the hands and feet.

12

Rotator Cuff

a group of muscles and tendons that surround the shoulder joint, keeping the head of your upper arm bone firmly within the shallow socket of the shoulder

13

Sprain

A stretching or tearing of ligaments, the fibrous tissue that connects bones and joints.

14

Symphysis


a place where two bones are closely joined, either forming an immovable joint (as between the pubic bones in the center of the pelvis) or completely fused (as at the midline of the lower jaw

15

Synchondrosis

an almost immovable joint between bones bound by a layer of cartilage, as in the vertebrae.

16

Syndesmosis

a slightly movable fibrous joint in which bones such as the tibia and fibula are joined together by connective tissue

17

subchondral plate

epiphysis is covered with articular cartilage; below that covering is a zone similar to the epiphyseal plate, known as subchondral bone

18

suture

eamlike immovable junction between two bones

19

synovial fluid

non-Newtonian fluid found in the cavities of synovial joint

20

synovial joint

joins bones with a fibrous joint capsule that is continuous with the periosteum of the joined bones, constitutes the outer boundary of a synovial cavity, and surrounds the bones' articulating surface