key associations 3 Flashcards Preview

2016 Rapid Review! > key associations 3 > Flashcards

Flashcards in key associations 3 Deck (44):
1

Opportunistic infection in AIDS

Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia

2

Osteomyelitis

S aureus (most common overall)

3

Osteomyelitis in sickle cell disease

Salmonella

4

Osteomyelitis with IV drug use

Pseudomonas, Candida, S aureus

5

Ovarian tumor (benign, bilateral)

Serous cystadenoma

6

Ovarian tumor (malignant)

Serous cystadenocarcinoma

7

Pancreatitis (acute)

Gallstones, alcohol

8

Pancreatitis (chronic)

Alcohol (adults), cystic fibrosis (kids)

9

Pelvic inflammatory disease

C trachomatis, N gonorrhoeae

10

Philadelphia chromosome t(9;22) (BCR-ABL)

CML (may sometimes be associated with ALL/AML)

11

Pituitary tumor

Prolactinoma, somatotropic adenoma

12

1° amenorrhea

Turner syndrome (45,XO or 45,XO/46,XX mosaic)

13

1° bone tumor (adults)

Multiple myeloma

14

1° hyperaldosteronism

Adenoma of adrenal cortex

15

1° hyperparathyroidism

Adenomas, hyperplasia, carcinoma

16

1° liver cancer

Hepatocellular carcinoma (chronic hepatitis, cirrhosis, hemochromatosis, α1-antitrypsin deficiency, Wilson disease)

17

Pulmonary hypertension

Idiopathic, heritable, left heart disease (eg, HF), lung disease (eg, COPD), hypoxemic vasoconstriction (eg, OSA), thromboembolic (eg, PE)

18

Recurrent inflammation/thrombosis of small/medium vessels in extremities

Buerger disease (strongly associated with tobacco)

19

Refractory peptic ulcers and high gastrin levels

Zollinger-Ellison syndrome (gastrinoma of duodenum or pancreas), associated with MEN1

20

Renal tumor

Renal cell carcinoma: associated with von Hippel-Lindau and cigarette smoking; paraneoplastic syndromes (EPO, renin,
PTHrP, ACTH)

21

Right heart failure due to a pulmonary cause

Cor pulmonale

22

S3 heart sound 

^ventricular filling pressure (eg, mitral regurgitation, HF), common in dilated ventricles

23

S4 heart sound

Stiff/hypertrophic ventricle (aortic stenosis, restrictive cardiomyopathy)

24

2° hyperparathyroidism

Hypocalcemia of chronic kidney disease

25

Sexually transmitted disease

C trachomatis (usually coinfected with N gonorrhoeae)

26

SIADH

Small cell carcinoma of the lung

27

Site of diverticula

Sigmoid colon

28

Sites of atherosclerosis

Abdominal aorta > coronary artery > popliteal artery > carotid artery

29

t(14;18)

Follicular lymphomas (BCL-2 activation, anti-apoptotic oncogene)

30

t(8;14)

Burkitt lymphoma (c-myc fusion, transcription factor oncogene)

31

t(9;22)

Philadelphia chromosome, CML (BCR-ABL activation, tyrosine kinase oncogene)

32

Temporal arteritis

Risk of ipsilateral blindness due to occlusion of ophthalmic artery; polymyalgia rheumatica

33

Testicular tumor

Seminoma (malignant, radiosensitive), ^placental ALP

34

Thyroid cancer

Papillary carcinoma (childhood irradiation)

35

Tumor in women

Leiomyoma (estrogen dependent, not precancerous)

36

Tumor of infancy

Strawberry hemangioma (grows rapidly and regresses spontaneously by childhood)

37

Tumor of the adrenal medulla (adults)

Pheochromocytoma (usually benign)

38

Tumor of the adrenal medulla (kids)

Neuroblastoma (malignant)

39

Type of Hodgkin lymphoma

Nodular sclerosing (vs mixed cellularity, lymphocytic predominance, lymphocytic depletion)

40

Type of non-Hodgkin lymphoma

Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma

41

UTI

E coli, Staphylococcus saprophyticus (young women)

42

Vertebral compression fracture

Osteoporosis (type I: postmenopausal woman; type II: elderly man or woman)

43

Viral encephalitis affecting temporal lobe

HSV-1

44

Vitamin deficiency (US)

Folate (pregnant women are at high risk; body stores only 3- to 4-month supply; prevents neural tube defects)