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Flashcards in Key Associations Deck (36):
1

Aortic aneurysm (abdominal)

Atherosclerosis

2

Aortic aneurysm (thoracic)

Marfan syndrome

3

Bleeding disorder with GIb deficiency?

Bernard- Soulier Syndrome (defect in platelet adhesion to von willebrand factor)

4

4 common adult brain tumors?

Metastasis
Astrocytoma
Meningioma
Schwannoma

5

2 common child brain tumors?

Medulloblastoma
Craniopharyngioma

6

What is cerebellar tonsillar herniation associated with?

Chiari II malformation

7

Congenital conjugated hyperbilirubinemia (black liver)

Dubin- Johnson Syndrome (inability of hepatocyes to secrete conjugated bilirubin into bile)

8

3 common causes of early cyanosis?

1- Tetralogy of Fallot
2- Transposition of great vessels
3- Truncus arteriosus

9

3 common causes of late cyanosis?

VSD
ASD
PDA

10

What is a cause of death in SLE?

Lupus Nephropathy

11

Demyelinating disease in young women

Multiple sclerosis

12

"ejection click"

aortic stenosis

13

Most common cause of glomerulonephritis in adults?

Gerger disease (IgA nephropthy)

14

Congenital heart murmur?

Mitral valve prolapse

15

Vessel injured in epidural hematoma?

Rupture of middle meningeal artery

16

Vessel injured in subdural hematoma?

Ruptured bridging veins (crescent shaped)

17

HLA- DR3 associated diseases?

Diabetes mellitus (type 1)
SLE
Graves
Hashimoto thyroiditis

18

HLA- DR4 diseases?

Diabetes mellitus type 1
Rheumatoid arthritis

19

3 causes of a holosystolic murmur?

VSD
Tricuspid regurgitation
Mitral regurgitation

20

Most common lysosomal storage disease?

Gaucher disease

21

2 most common cancers in children?

ALL
Medulloblastoma

22

What are the most common cancer to met to the bone?

Prostate
Breast
Lung
Thyroid

23

What are the most common cancers to met to the brain?

Lung
Breast
GU
Melanoma
GI

24

Most common cause of mitral valve stenosis?

Rheumatic heart disease

25

What is kallmann syndrome?

Hypogonadotropic hypogonadis and anosmia caused by neuron migration failure

26

"opening snap"

Mitral stenosis

27

Most common benign, bilateral ovarian tumor?

Serous cystadenoma

28

Most common malignant ovarian tumor?

Serous cystadenocarcinoma

29

Most common cause of primary amenorrhea?

Turner syndrome

30

Most common cause of pulmonary HTN?

COPD

31

What is S3?

Increased ventricular filling pressure (mitral regurgitation, HF, common in dilated ventricles)

32

What is S4?

Stiff hypertrophic ventricle (aortic stenosis, restrictuve cardiomyopathy)

33

Most common site of diverticula?

Sigmoid colon

34

t(14;18)?

Follicular lymphoma *BCL-2 actiation, anti-apoptotic oncogene)

35

Most common tumor in women?

Leimyoma (estrogen dependent, not precancerous)

36

Most common type of non-Hodgkin lymphoma?

Diffuse large B cell lymphoma

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