Flashcards in Key Facts Deck (57):
What phrase was used to describe the economic growth of the 1890s?
The great spirit
Why was Vyshnegradsky dismissed?
The great famine
How many died in the Great Famine?
Russia had how many km of railway track by 1914?
Russia was the __biggest industrial nation by 1914
What was introduced in 1897 to increase faith in Russian economy?
Which raw materials increased in production in the late 1890s?
coal, iron, oil
Why was it necessary for Russia to industrialise by 1860?
Crimean War, Rivals' strength
What happened to the size of the proletariat from 1865-1890?
How much of the budget used to pay off debt from foreign investment
When were the mir's powers reduced by Stolypin?
When was the new Peasants' Land Bank set up to fund land ownership?
What was finally abolished in 1905?
By 1914, what percent of land had been transferred from communal to private ownership?
What % land still in strips by 1904?
What % of peasants reached kulak status by 1914?
Less than 1%
Name two pieces of workers' legislation introduced 1885-1912
1885 - Prohibited night-time employment of women and children
1897 - More efficient system of factory inspection
What travesty occurred in 1912 after workers in Siberia went on strike for better wages?
Lena Goldfields massacre
Out of 97 million peasants, only 3.5 million took up the opportunity to do what?
Move to agricultural settlements in Siberia on T-S railway
Around what % of nobles' land was transferred to peasants or townspeople by 1905?
A lack of what type of taxation helped nobles retain wealth?
A relaxation of censorship after 1905 led to a __age of Russian culture?
Foreign investment in 1895 to 1914
280 million to 2000 million
Population of middle class by 1897
Head of Third Section
7m to 28m between 1867 and 1917
Literacy rate in 1914
How many people in Petrograd were born peasants by 1914?
How many earned half the average wage in 1914
Companies invested in Russia by 1900
Caspian sea port of Baku
Consumer taxes lead to ______ and peasants to keep their grain
Great famine 1891-2
How much of the population was orthodox?
When was the third section dissolved?
What were the rearranging laws?
1865 - Allowed foreign publications to be sold, fairer cencorship and gov policies comments in newspapers
Russian agriculture production was x% of the British
How many incidents followed emmancipation in the frist 4 months e.g what
647 e.g Behzna 70 dead
Redemption payments to last for how long?
Coal output ____ when Witte was m.o.f?
What percentage of iron and steel consumed by the railway?
Russias population ___ between 1860 and 1910?
Percentage of land surplus
Size of Russian standing army
Who was Golovin?
Minister of education in 1862
How many children in primary education by 1880?
Tolstoy replaces Golovin and does what?
Banned student organsation
What were volost courts?
Who was a vera zulasich?
A revolutionary who was acquited by a judge after trying to kill Trepov.
How far were villages apart?
24km to 32km 'ISOLATED REINFORCED INERTIA'!!!
What was the bolshevik newspaper and when was it forrmed?
The pravada (the truth) formed in 1912
When was the union of unions formed, who was it formed by and what did it demand
Formed in May 1905, Miliukov formed a Union of Unions, an assembly of leaders of professional, industrial workers and leaders of the zemstva. They demanded a democratically elected constituent assembly.
Why were strips so inefficient
Families owned single strips that went on for a mile
What was the real danger for tsarist gov leading into the war?
Underestimated the risk of opposition regaining strength
When was the potemkin mutiny?
Stolypins Coup// 3rd June reform
Stolypin spread word of plot to kill the tsar and dissolved the duma. Radical delegates were exiled and the weight of peasant and workers votes reduced.