Key Facts Flashcards Preview

History: Russia > Key Facts > Flashcards

Flashcards in Key Facts Deck (57):
1

What phrase was used to describe the economic growth of the 1890s?

The great spirit

2

Why was Vyshnegradsky dismissed?

The great famine

3

How many died in the Great Famine?

350,000

4

Russia had how many km of railway track by 1914?

60,000km

5

Russia was the __biggest industrial nation by 1914

4th

6

What was introduced in 1897 to increase faith in Russian economy?

Gold Standard

7

Which raw materials increased in production in the late 1890s?

coal, iron, oil

8

Why was it necessary for Russia to industrialise by 1860?

Crimean War, Rivals' strength

9

What happened to the size of the proletariat from 1865-1890?

doubled

10

How much of the budget used to pay off debt from foreign investment

20%

11

When were the mir's powers reduced by Stolypin?

1903

12

When was the new Peasants' Land Bank set up to fund land ownership?

1906

13

What was finally abolished in 1905?

redemption payments

14

By 1914, what percent of land had been transferred from communal to private ownership?

10%

15

What % land still in strips by 1904?

90%

16

What % of peasants reached kulak status by 1914?

Less than 1%

17

Name two pieces of workers' legislation introduced 1885-1912

1885 - Prohibited night-time employment of women and children

1897 - More efficient system of factory inspection

18

What travesty occurred in 1912 after workers in Siberia went on strike for better wages?

Lena Goldfields massacre

19

Out of 97 million peasants, only 3.5 million took up the opportunity to do what?

Move to agricultural settlements in Siberia on T-S railway

20

Around what % of nobles' land was transferred to peasants or townspeople by 1905?

33%

21

A lack of what type of taxation helped nobles retain wealth?

redistributive

22

A relaxation of censorship after 1905 led to a __age of Russian culture?

Silver

23

Foreign investment in 1895 to 1914

280 million to 2000 million

24

Population of middle class by 1897

0.5 million

25

Head of Third Section

Pyotr Shuvalov

26

Urban Population

7m to 28m between 1867 and 1917

27

Literacy rate in 1914

40%

28

How many people in Petrograd were born peasants by 1914?

3/4

29

How many earned half the average wage in 1914

1/3

30

Companies invested in Russia by 1900

269

31

Caspian sea port of Baku

1871

32

Consumer taxes lead to ______ and peasants to keep their grain

Great famine 1891-2

33

How much of the population was orthodox?

70%

34

When was the third section dissolved?

1880

35

What were the rearranging laws?

1865 - Allowed foreign publications to be sold, fairer cencorship and gov policies comments in newspapers

36

Russian agriculture production was x% of the British

25%

37

How many incidents followed emmancipation in the frist 4 months e.g what

647 e.g Behzna 70 dead

38

Redemption payments to last for how long?

49 years

39

Coal output ____ when Witte was m.o.f?

Trippled

40

What percentage of iron and steel consumed by the railway?

60%

41

Russias population ___ between 1860 and 1910?

Doubled

42

Percentage of land surplus

50%

43

Size of Russian standing army

1.5 million

44

Who was Golovin?

Minister of education in 1862

45

How many children in primary education by 1880?

1 million

46

Tolstoy replaces Golovin and does what?

Banned student organsation

47

What were volost courts?

Peasant courts

48

Who was a vera zulasich?

A revolutionary who was acquited by a judge after trying to kill Trepov.

49

How far were villages apart?

24km to 32km 'ISOLATED REINFORCED INERTIA'!!!

50

What was the bolshevik newspaper and when was it forrmed?

The pravada (the truth) formed in 1912

51

When was the union of unions formed, who was it formed by and what did it demand

Formed in May 1905, Miliukov formed a Union of Unions, an assembly of leaders of professional, industrial workers and leaders of the zemstva. They demanded a democratically elected constituent assembly.

52

Village assembly

Skhod

53

Why were strips so inefficient

Families owned single strips that went on for a mile

54

What was the real danger for tsarist gov leading into the war?

Underestimated the risk of opposition regaining strength

55

When was the potemkin mutiny?

July 1905

56

Stolypins Coup// 3rd June reform

Stolypin spread word of plot to kill the tsar and dissolved the duma. Radical delegates were exiled and the weight of peasant and workers votes reduced.

57

Who called the strikes in '05? Which factory and how many people joined?

Father Gapon called a strike at Putilov Ironworks after four members of the Assembly of Russian Workers were dismissed. 110,000 workers joined the strikes.