Key Figures Of European History Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Key Figures Of European History Deck (25):
0

Political philosopher, the prince

Niccolo Machiavelli

1

Wrote in Latin instead of vernacular, wanted to reform Catholic Church, praise of folly

Desiderius Erasmus

2

Faith alone

Martin Luther

3

The institutes of the Christian religion, Influenced Huguenot religion

John Calvin

4

French renaissance writer, developed the essay as a literary genre, skeptical attitude

Michel de Montaigne

5

On the revolution of heavenly spheres, launched the scientific revolution by challenging geocentric theory

Nicklaus Copernicus

6

Assistant to Tycho Brahe, formulated three laws of planetary motion, planets move elliptically not circularly

Johannes Kepler

7

Conducted controlled experiments, used telescope for astronomical observation, formulated laws of motion

Galileo Galilei

8

Principia, universe is a vast machine

Issac newton

9

Formulated empirical method into general theory known as empiricism.

Francis bacon

10

Used deductive reasoning from self evident principles to reach scientific laws, mathematician

Rene Descartes

11

Wrote leviathan, humans are self centered and prone to violence, in favor of absolute monarchs

Thomas Hobbes

12

The second treatise of government, humans are rational beings, "life liberty and property"

John Locke

13

Enlightened principles of reason, progress, toleration an individualism. Opposed suppers toon and intolerance

Voltaire

14

The social contract and Emile, believed stare was based on a social contract

Jean Jacques Rousseau

15

An inquiry into the nature, opposed mercantilist policies, advocated free trade and "the invisible hand of competition"

Adam smith

16

Vindication of the rights of women, women are not naturally inferior to men

Mary Wollstonecraft

17

Reflections on the revolution in France, denounced the radicalism and violence of French Revolution

Edmund Burke

18

The subjection of women, advocated women's rights and universal suffrage

John Stuart mill

19

Communist manifesto, beloved history of clad conflict is best understood thought dialectical process if thesis

Karl Marx

20

Origin of species, struggle for existence, survival of the fittest

Charles Darwin

21

Theriores of human personality, I'd superego and ego

Sigmund Freud

22

German physicist, theory of relativity

Albert Einstein

23

German philosopher, encourages existentialism, embraced the irrational

Freidrich Nietzsche

24

20th century French existentialist writers, questioned efficacy of reason

Albert Camus and jean Paul Sartre