Key Terms Ch 1-4, 7 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Key Terms Ch 1-4, 7 Deck (110)
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1

After placing the transducer on the patient, you should always do a quick ___ before taking images.

survey scan

2

How should you take a survey of the abdominal aorta?

begins from the anterior approach in the saggittal scan plane and then surveyed in the transverse scan plane from the diaphragm to the bifurcation

3

the right renal artery is ___ to the IVC

posterior

4

what are the landmarks for spleen?

SMA, splenic vein, portal splenic confluence

5

The amount of pressure exerted on the skin surface by the transducer can affect the ____

image quality

6

left renal vein comes off the ivc in ___

mid trans

7

An injury that results in restricted work or time away from work or that involves symptoms that last for 7 days or more and injuries that include the muscles, tendons, and joints

Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorder (WRMSD)

8

Displays the TGC information

TGC curve

9

in order to see the splenic vein, you must be in what scan plane?

transverse

10

Imaging within vessels

Endoluminal

11

parenchyma

tissue composing an organ

12

Radiologists consult for imaging diagnoses using PACS to view images transmitted from site of origin

Teleradiology

13

Place cursors for distance measurements

Distance

14

what is this?

a cyst with smooth borders and accoustic enhancement- poterior to the cyst there is a brightening (also called a through transmission)

15

Multiple pathological conditions that may be indicated by the ultrasound findings and reported as such by the interpreting physician

Differential diagnoses

16

the celiac artery and SMA are ___ in relation to the AO

anterior

17

the left renal vein sits ___ to the aorta and ___ to the SMA

anterior posterior

18

Starting point from which the examination will be performed

Imaging preset/ model

19

The science or study of work

Ergonomics

20

When a patient is getting an abdominal aorta scan, they should...

fast for at least 8 hours prior to the study

21

when taking an image of the proximal segment of the aorta or IVC, you want to as the patient to ____

either take a deep breath or push stomach out

22

external iliac arteries bring blood to the

legs

23

Inflammation of the tendon

Tendonitis

24

Process of inserting something into or operating on the body through a needle puncture, an incision, or a natural orifice

Invasive procedure

25

landmark for mid ao in trans

SMA

26

The only people who can legally render a diagnosis are?

physicians

27

Which directional position is optimal for scanning the abdominal aorta?

supine

28

Appropriate calculations package based on imaging preset

Calc key

29

What is RSI?

repetitive strain injury

30

Reverse the scan direction of the displayed image Image will change from either a right to left direction or up and down direction

Image direction

31

Blurred vision

Presbyopia

32

Imagining controls such as body pattern, Doppler, power Doppler, pulsed wave, m mode, and screen monitor controls

Additional controls

33

Enables improved image resolution as images are stored in digital format and manipulated by software controls

PACS - Picture Archiving and Communications System

34

Ultrasound system controls including (1) primary imaging, (2) calculation, and (3) additional controls

Knobology

35

Inflammation of the bursa

Bursitis

36

Name 7 things that MUST be documented on the image documentation

-patient name and ID number -date and time -scanning site (hospital name) -name or initials of sonographer -patient position -scanning plane -area of interest (gen- aorta and specific prox ao sag)

37

Sonographers written summary of ultrasound findings using sonographic terminology- never a diagnosis

Technical observation

38

Access s reference manual for ultrasound system

HELP menu

39

An agency within the United States dept of labor that is designed to protect health care workers from major blood borne diseases and maintain healthful working conditions for the nations’s workforce

(OSHA) Occupational Safety and Health Administration

40

landmark for prox ao in sag?

lots of liver, area before the celiac trunk - near xyphoid bone

41

major blood vessel of the body that is returning blood from inferior portion of body to the right atrium of the heart

IVC

42

Protects patients from infection and prevents the spread of pathogens

Aseptic technique

43

What is MSI?

musculoskeletal strain injury

44

Patient identification data, clinical symptoms, the examination requested, and the reason why

Ultrasound Request Form

45

Customizes imaging settings and measurements; demonstrates proper use of ultrasound system

Clinical applications specialist

46

What is the order to document abnormal findings?

1) determine number of findings 2) determine composition 3) pathology images

47

Controls such as imaging preset, frequency, depth, and time-gain compensation (TGC) that directly affect image quality

Primary Imaging Controls

48

-Guides the cursor on the screen -Position measurement cursors during freeze mode -Changes scan area for the sector size and color box size for Doppler and color Doppler application

Trackball

49

Extension of the shoulder and arm away from the body

Abduction

50

3 sonographic criteria to be considered a true cyst:

1) mass must appear anechoic with no internal echoes 2) mass walls must be defined, thin, and smooth 3) mass must exhibit posterior through transmission or increased echo amplitude visualized posterior to a structure to a structure that does not attenuate (looks like light beam)

51

when the SMV and splenic vein meet, they join to become

portal splenic confluence

52

inferior to celiac trunk is __

SMA

53

Blood borne pathogen that requires standard precautions to reduce exposure risk

Hepatitis B (HBV) Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)

54

anechoic

fluid filled

55

Performed under surgical conditions

Intraoperative and laparoscopic

56

describe the borders

irregular border cyst

57

what is this?

acoustic shadows- echo drop off posterior to a structure that attenuates the sound beam - considered a type of sonographic artifact

58

this is a complex mass with anechoic tissue and heterogeneous solid tissue (not all one smooth echo texture) 

59

When bringing a patient back to the exam room, you should verify their identity by?

Checking ID bracelet ask patient to verify name and DOB -you should confirm that the name and DOB match the ID bracelet

60

Ultrasound professional responsible for performing and recording ultrasound studies for physician interpretation

Sonographer

61

Entrapment of the median nerve as it runs through the carpal bones of the wrist

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS)

62

A germ free condition

Asepsis

63

Returning echoes from deep in the body are amplified so information on deeper structures can be received -equalize differences in received echo amplitudes due to reflector depth

Time-gain compensation (TGC)

64

the renal artery is __ to celiac trunk?

inferior

65

Sonologist’s (radiologist/ physician) formal report of ultrasound findings

Interpretive Report (Final report)

66

Performs installation of ultrasound system or imaging site

Ultrasound Field Service Engineer

67

What is RMI?

repetitive motion injury

68

diffuse disease

infiltrative

69

Transvaginal/ transrectal

Endocavity

70

what is the most notable artery in mid trans?

SMA

71

renal arteries branch off from the __ aspect of the aorta

lateral

72

the diaphragm moves ___ when patient takes deep breath

inferior

73

describe a complex mass

walls vary from well defined and smooth to poorly defined and irregular

74

A specific type of tendonitis involving the thumb, believed to be a result of repeated gripping of the transducer

De Quervain’s Disease

75

Store recently scanned image frames into system memory before freeze key is depressed Images can be reviewed using this control

Cine loop

76

Adjusts image size

Depth

77

the celiac trunk branches into

common hepatic artery left gastric artery splenic artery

78

hyperechoic

solid structure (tissue)

79

landmark for prox ao in trans?

lotss of liver, ao should be at the bottom of the screen

80

Erase cursors, outlines, and measurement results

Off

81

Result of chronic stress over time

Burnout

82

Because the aorta is retroperitoneal and is one of the deepest structures of the body, the transducer of choice is usually a ___ MHz curvilinear. If the patient is very thin, a ___MHz transducer may be the best choice.

3.0-3.5 MHz 5.0 MHz

83

Compilation of patient information including medical history, results of physical examination, patient symptoms, and lab test results

Patient chart

84

landmark for mid ao in sag?

just superior to the SMA

85

Results of the physical examination, including a listing of the patient’s symptoms

Assessment notes

86

Intervertebral disc degeneration that results from awkward and static postures, bending, and twisting while scanning

Spinal degeneration

87

What are alternative scanning positions for viewing the aorta?

left/right lateral decubitus left/right posterior oblique sitting semi erect to erect

88

Better tissue resolution of superficial structures is attained with higher frequencies. Lower imaging frequency is used for deeper structures

Frequency

89

Activate programmed storage device to store frozen image The system will remain in freeze until image is stored

Print/store key

90

“Freeze” image and suspend real time, press button to unfreeze image and resume real time

Freeze Key

91

the rt and lt internal iliacs are also known as the

hypogastric artery

92

Keyboard on the ultrasound system that allows alphabetic and numeric characters to be entered for the patient’s examination

Alphanumeric keyboard

93

Electronic system that stores patient demographic information and medical records

Hospital Information System (HIS)

94

Display two images side by side for comparison

Dual image and/or left/right key

95

Always ensure that the ___ are set so that the table or stretcher do not move while a patients is getting on

breaks

96

localized disease

a mass or multiple masses circumscribed to a specific area

97

describe the borders

smooth border cyst

98

landmark that separates the left lobe of the liver from the caudate lobe

ligamentum vinosum

99

Electronic, radiology-specific network that supports imaging, reporting, and relevant patient data.

Radiology Information System (RIS)

100

Software-based control system for image settings and measurements

Ultrasound system

101

Position the focal zone to the desired scan depth

Focal zone position and focal number

102

the internal iliac arteries bring blood to the

pelvis and uterus

103

What are the 3 D’s of deviation?

1) Differentiating abnormal echo patterns from normal echo patterns 2) Documenting any differences in echo pattern appearance 3) Describing any difference in echo pattern appearance using sonographic technology

104

where does the ao originate?

left ventricle of heart

105

Outline for curve or circumference measurements

Trace/ellipse

106

Complete measurements and display results to calculate volume measurements

Measure

107

Physician responsible for providing final, legal, and interpretive report (which may include differential diagnoses) of ultrasound findings

Sonologist/radiologist

108

Always measure at a __ angle of the vessel

90 degree

109

A computer based version of a patients medical information

Electron medical record (EMR)

110

3 types of compositions of a mass

solid cystic complex