Flashcards in Key Terms - Chapter 18 Deck (27):
Obtaining free fluid by surgically puncturing the abdominal wall (within the peritoneal space) with a needle
Other names: Abdominal tap, peritoneal tap, paracentesis, belly tap
Loss of appetite or absence of food, especially when prolonged
Aspiration of fluid from a joint
Act of striking the chest wall rhythmically with cupped hands. Cupping the hands creates an air cushion on impact so that tenacious mucus is dislodged
Method of obtaining a urine sample by inserting a needle through the abdominal wall and into the urinary bladder and withdrawing urine from the bladder into a syringe (bladder may be located by palpation or ultrasound guidance)
Diagnostic peritoneal lavage
Insertion of fluid into the peritoneal cavity; fluid is allowed to dwell for a short time and then is drained. Gross, microscopic, and chemical analyses are performed on the returned fluid
Leakage of something out of its container or normal location, such as a drug out of a vein
Catheter threaded through the urethra to the bladder, where it is held in place with a tiny, inflated balloon
Destruction of RBCs with liberation of hemoglobin. (In microbiology, clearing of media around a bacterial colony)
Response of body tissues to injury or irritation; characterized by pain, swelling, redness, and heat.
Administration of a drug or fluid into the bone
Condition characterized by an abnormally high total number of circulating leukocytes. Neutrophilia indicates increased numbers of circulating neutrophils.
Abnormal decrease in the number of neutrophils (the most common type of WBCs in the blood
Concentration of osmotically active particles in solution expressed in osmoles or milliosmoles per kg
A decrease to below normal in the concentration of the three major blood cell types: RBCs, WBCs, and platelets.
Term that refers to something passing through the skin
Inflammation of a vein
Fluid buildup in the space surrounding the lungs within the thorax
Abnormal accumulation of air in the space between the rib cage and the lung. This abnormal air pocket compresses the lung, resulting in respiratory distress. The lung may collapse. This condition may be caused by injury to lung tissue, rupture of air-filled pulmonary cysts, or puncture of the chest wall.
Polymerase chain reaction (PCR)
An in vitro technique that is used to rapidly synthesize large quantities of a given deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) segment. This involves separating the DNA into its two complementary strands, binding a primer to each single strand at the end of the given DNA segment where synthesis will start, using DNA polymerase to synthesize two-stranded DNA from each single strand, and repeating the process.
The first chamber of the ruminant digestive tract; used for storage of ingested food and initial digestion of protein and simple carbohydrates
A procedure in which air or fluid is removed from the chest (pleural space) using a syringe and needle aseptically
Occurs as a decrease in the number of platelets in the blood
Inflammation of the vein associated with a thrombus
Clotting of blood within a vessel that results in obstruction of blood flow