Key Terms - Chapter 19 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Key Terms - Chapter 19 Deck (27):
1

Anorexia

Loss of appetite or absence of food, especially when prolonged

2

Azotemia

Condition in which blood has increased concentrations of nitrogenous wastes such as urea nitrogen (BUN).

3

Barrier nursing

Techniques used during isolation to enable nursing of the patient without transmitting the disease to others (isolation ward, PPE,...)

4

Cachexia

Weight loss, loss of muscle mass, and general debilitation that may accompany chronic disease

5

Dyspnea

Difficult or labored breathing

6

Eclampsia

Postpartum complication caused by a deficiency of blood calcium (hypocalcemia).
Also called milk fever.

7

Etiology

Study of disease causes

8

Galactostasis

Cessation of milk production (lactation) in the dam

9

Hematemesis

Vomiting blood

10

Hematochezia

Frank, red blood in feces

11

Hemoptysis

Coughing up blood, or blood in sputum

12

Hepatic encephalopathy

Altered cognitive and neurologic function due to buildup of toxins in the bloodstream that are normally removed by the liver

13

Hypoxemia

Low blood oxygen levels

14

Hypoxia

Low tissue oxygen levels

15

Mastitis

Inflammation of the mammary gland

16

Melena

Passage of dark tarry stools that contain decomposing blood (usually an indication of bleeding in the upper part of the alimentary tract, especially the esophagus, stomach, and duodenum)

17

Metritis

Inflammation of the uterus

18

Orthopnea

Shortness of breath when lying down (animals in CHF will stand and will resist lying down, to facilitate respiration)

19

Pathogenesis

Sequence of events that leads to or underlies a disease

20

Pleural effusion

Fluid buildup in the space surrounding the lungs within the thorax

21

Polydipsia

A condition evidenced by increased levels of thirst and excessive drinking

22

Polyuria

Excessive production of urine

23

Regurgitation

Flow of stomach contents into the esophagus and mouth unaccompanied by retching (as distinguished from vomiting, which occurs as forceful expulsion of stomach contents into the esophagus and mouth preceded by retching).

24

Stridor

A harsh, high-pitched respiratory sound usually caused by obstruction of airflow at the pharynx or larynx

25

Technician assessment

Clinical judgement that the veterinary technician makes regarding physiologic and psychological problems and needs of a patient. (The technician assessment comprises the "A" portion of the veterinary technician SOAP)

26

Tenesmus

Distressing but ineffectual urge to evacuate the rectum or urinary bladder

27

Zoonosis

Any disease that is transmissible from lower animals to humans (e.g., rabies, plague, trichinosis)