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Flashcards in Key Topic 1 Deck (36):
1

Key topic 1-dates

9th November 1918

1-Kaiser abdicates and flees Germany.

2-Weimar republic is set up.

2

Key topic 1-dates

11th November 1918

WWI ends. Armistice agreed after Germany surrendered.

3

Key topic 1-dates

January 1919

Spartacist upspring in Berlin and other cities. Crushed by army and friekorps.

4

Key topic 1-dates

26th June 1919

Treaty of Versailles is signed.

5

Key topic 1-dates

3rd March 1920

Kapp putsch-attempted to takeover by freikorps led by Wolfgang kapp. Failed due to lack of support.

6

Key topic 1-dates

January 1923

Rhur crisis-France invades the Rhur over reperations leading to huge problems in Germany.

7

Key topic 1-dates

June 1923

Hyperinflation causes huge social and economic problems.

8

Key topic 1-dates

August 1923

Gustav stresemann becomes chancellor but only for 3 months.

9

Key topic 1-dates

November 1923

The Munich putsch-the nazis try to over throw the Bavarian government and cause a revolution. They fail. 16 nazis were killed and Hitler was arrested.

10

Key topic 1-dates

September 1924

Stresemann signs the Dawes plan which ends hyperinflation.

11

Key topic 1-dates

December 1925

Germany sings the Locarno pact with France, Britain, Belgium and Italy.

12

Key topic 1-dates

June 1929

Young plan agreed.

13

Key topic 1-dates

October 1929

Wall Street crash leads to the Great Depression.

14

Key topic 1-individuals

Friedrich Ebert

First chancellor of Germany and later president.

15

Key topic 1-individuals

Gustav stresemann

Chancellor (August-November 1923) and foreign minister (1923-1929). Solved hyperinflation and the Rhur crisis. Brought a period of stability to Germany.

16

Key topic 1-individuals

Kaiser Wilhelm II

German emperor, who abdicated in November 1918.

17

Key topic 1-terms/words

Armistice

Agreement to stop fighting. Germany requested it in 1918.

18

Key topic 1-terms/words

Article 48

Gave president emergency powers in times of crisis.

19

Key topic 1-terms/words

Article 231

The Versailles ‘war guilt clause’ blaming Germany for WWI.

20

Key topic 1-terms/words

Chancellor

Head of government,chosen by president. Required support in the Reichstag.

21

Key topic 1-terms/words

Coalition

A government of two or more political parties.

22

Key topic 1-terms/words

Communism

Left wing groups who believed in absolute equality and that everyone should get the same outcomes and that a country should run for workers.

23

Key topic 1-terms/words

Constitution

The system of laws and rules in a country.

24

Key topic 1-terms/words

Demilitarised

No military forces allowed in this area.

25

Key topic 1-terms/words

Extremist

Groups that believed radical or violent ideas.

26

Key topic 1-terms/words

Fascism

Right-wing groups believing in a strong ruling leader.

27

Key topic 1-terms/words

Friekorps

WWI veterans formed private armies.

28

Key topic 1-terms/words

Hyperinflation

Extremely high inflation, where the prices rise and value of money plummets making it worthless.

29

Key topic 1-terms/words

November criminals

Name given to the Weimar politicians who accepted the armistice which ended WWI.

30

Key topic 1-terms/words

President

Head of state and military, voted by the people. Could use article 48 and had the power to dismiss the government.

31

Key topic 1-terms/words

Proportional representation

The number of votes cast for a political party determines their number of seats in the Reichstag.

32

Key topic 1-terms/words

Putsch

A violent attempt to overthrow the government.

33

Key topic 1-terms/words

Reichstag

The German parliament.

34

Key topic 1-terms/words

Rentmark

Temporary currency introduced by stresemann to end hyperinflation.

35

Key topic 1-terms/words

Reparations

£6.6 billion fine placed on Germany following the Versailles treaty.

36

Key topic 1-terms/words

Spartacists

Revolutionary communists who waned Germany to be communist. Led by Rosa Luxembourg.