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Flashcards in Key Word Definitions Deck (24):
1

Witan

The council of the king in England. Its duty was to advise the king, but the king was the one who decided!

2

Housecarl

Trained Anglo-Saxon soldiers who were paid for their services.

3

What did a housecarl wore?

Helmet, chain mail, battle axe and large, round shield.

4

Keep

Fortified tower built on the top of a hill with a castle.

5

Motte

A hill (usually 15 meters high) in which the keep is built on.

6

Fyrd

Anglo-Saxon soldier not as experienced as housecarls but fierce.

7

What did a fyrd wore?

Javelin, sword, shield and maybe even farming tools!

8

What is chronology?

Order in which past events occur. From earliest to latest

9

Portcullis

Heavy, vertically-closing, fortified gate.

10

Arrow slits

Vertical hole in walls in a castle for the archer to shoot through. The hole is wider in the inside and thiner in the outside.

11

Siege/besiege

Process of surrounding and attacking a castle

12

Bailey

Courtyard next to keep. Surrounded by a protective ditch and palisade.

13

Curtain wall.

A wall that surrounds and protects castle.

14

Haley's comet.

A comet that the Norman's saw on their way to Hastings and thought that god was on their side.

15

Bayeux tapestry

A tapestry which depicts the events leading up to the Norman conquest.

16

Half timbered houses

Houses with a wooden frame and plaster inside( wattle and daub)

17

Mangonel

Machine used to fire rocks at the castle.

18

Why was there two wars? Why did that happened?

The old king (Edward confessor) died and left no clear heir.

19

What was Harold Godwinson's position?

Earl of Wessex, one of the most powerful men in England.

20

What was Harold's family history.

His father, Godwin, argued a lot with king Edward. Harold and his father were banished from England for one year.

21

What were Harold's links to king Edward?

Harold's sister was married to king Edward.

22

Was Harold tough enough?

Harold was a brave and respected soldier.

23

What was Harold's support for his claim?

He was the only Englishman claiming the throne . English monks wrote: harold and his brothers were the king's favourites.... the king had promised the kingdom to Harold.

24

What was Harold's advantage?

The other two were miles away across the sea. While Harold was sitting in England. He was crowned the very next day.