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Flashcards in Key Words Deck (59):
1

The tanakh

The Hebrew bible
Just Old Testament
Contains the law (Torah), the prophets and writings

2

Monotheistic

A religion that only believes in one god

3

Shema

A Jewish prayer showing belief in only one god

4

Torah

The first five Books of Moses which form the first section on the tenakh
The Jewish law

5

Creator

The one who makes things and brings things about

6

Orthodox Jews

Jews who emphasise the importance of following the laws and guidance in the Torah

7

Ultra orthodox

They emphasise the importance of following the laws and guidance in the Torah even more

8

Shabbat

The Jewish holy day in the week starting on Friday sunset and ending on Saturday sunset

9

Omnipotent

God being powerful

10

Omniscient

God being all knowing

11

Omnipresent

God being everywhere

12

Ten Commandments

The commandments given to Moses from god on mount Sinai over 3000 years ago

13

Mitzvot

Jewish rules or commandments

14

Merciful

The quality of god that shows compassion or forgiveness to humans

15

Shekinah

The Devine presence on god

16

Temple

The centre of Jewish worship at the time of Jesus

17

Judgement

The belief that god judges a person based on their actions, and either rewards or punishes them as result

18

Resurrection

Rising from the dead or returning to life

19

Rabbai

A Jewish religious leader and teacher

20

Messiah

'The anointed one'; a leader of the Jews who is expected to live on earth at some time in the future

21

Messianic age

A future time of global peace when everyone will want to become closer to god, possibly through the intervention of the messiah

22

Monotheism

The belief in one god

23

Promised land

The land of Canaan that god promised to the Jews

24

Covenant

An arrangement

25

Circumcision

The removal or the foreskin from the penis

26

Justice

Bringing about what is right and fair, according to the law

27

Healing to the world

Being involved in gods work to sustain the world

28

Charity

Providing help and love to those in need
An organisation that doesn't make a profit whose main purpose is to help those in need

29

Kindness to others

Positive, caring actions that should be shown to all living things

30

Sanctity of life

All life is holy as it is created and loved by god and shouldn't be misused or abused

31

Talmud

A commentary by the rabais on the Torah

32

Pikuack nefesh

The obligation to save a life even if it breaks Jewish law

33

Free will

The belief that god gave people the opportunity to make decisions for themselves

34

Tallit

A prayer shawl

35

Tefillin

Small leather boxes containing extracts from the Torah strapped to the wearers arm and forehead

36

Tenakh

The 24 books of Jewish scriptures

37

Nevi'im

The second section of the Tenakh; the prophets

38

Ketuvim

The third section of the Tenakh; the writings

39

Mishnah

The first written version of Jewish oral law; part of the Talmud

40

Gemara

A commentary on the Mishnah; part of the Talmud

41

Amidah

Also known as the standing prayer

42

To Jewish prophets

Moses and Abraham

43

Jews believe that all life is precious.....what incidences put this into practice

Abortion
Euthanasia
Sanctity of life

44

Sanctity of life

All life is precious

45

What items are placed on the table during Shabbat

Best cutlery
Candles
Wine/grape fruit
Challah bread

46

What happens at the beginning of Shabbat

The female of the house summons Shabbat through waving her arms and beckoning over two candles

47

Why is there two cups on Shabbat

Because they represent the two commandments

48

What is kiddish

A blessing over a cup on Shabbat

49

What happens second on Shabbat

They go to a synagogue (walking)

50

What happens after the synagogue

They receive a blessing from the kiddish cup

51

What happens after the kiddish blessing

They are all seated and the head of the household takes the challah bread and dips it in salt for all the family to eat...the meal takes place

52

What ends Shabbat

The havdalah service once three stars can be seen in the Saturday

53

Bimah

A raised platform in the Synagogue where the Torah is read

54

Tallit

A prayer shawl

55

Menorah

A 7 armed candlestick

56

Kippah

A skull cap that Jewish men wear to show they are Jewsi h

57

The Ark

Where the Torah scrolls are kept

58

What is the Synagogue

The Synagogue is the Jewish place of worship, but is also used as a place to study. Orthodox Jews often use the Yiddish word 'Shul' to refer to the Synagogue

59

Star of David

Is the traditional symbol for identifying Judaism