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PE — 5. Health, Fitness and a Healthy Active Lifestyle > keywords > Flashcards

Flashcards in keywords Deck (23)
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prescription drugs

drugs that cannot be bought over the counter but only with a doctor's prescription

1

bronchitis

inflammation of the air passages between the nose and the lungs

2

performance-enhancing drugs

a type of unlawful drug that can help to improve sporting performance

3

athlete's foot

a fungal infection between the toes

4

fitness

good health or good condition, especially as the result of exercise and proper nutrition

5

exercise

activity that requires physical or mental exertion, especially when performed to develop or maintain fitness

6

sedentary

sitting down or being physically inactive for long periods of time

7

joint

a connection point between two bones where movement occurs

8

synovial

where bony surfaces are covered by cartilage, connected by ligaments with a joint cavity containing synovial fluid

9

articulation

a movable joint between inflexible parts of the body

10

origin

the end of the muscle attached to the fixed bone

11

insertion

the end of the muscle attached to the bone that moves

12

prime mover

the muscle that initially contracts to start a movement, also know as the 'agonist'

13

antagonist

the muscle that relaxes to allow a movement to take place

14

concentric

when the muscle shortens (it also tends to bulge, such as the biceps in the arm)

15

eccentric

when the muscle gradually lengthens and returns to its normal length and shape

16

reaction time

how quickly you are able to respond to something or some form of stimulus

17

movement time

how quickly a performer can carry out an actual movement

18

inherent

something you are born with

19

synchronize

an adjustment that causes something to occur at the same time

20

ambidextrous

the ability to use both hands with equal levels of skill

21

knowledge of results

this is a form of terminal feedback at the end of a performance and could be as simple as winning or losing

22

knowledge of performance

this relates to how well the performance was carried out rather than just the end result