Klicker Chapter 14 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Klicker Chapter 14 Deck (66):
1

Studies have shown that people want to be

Remembered when they die

2

One of the easiest and most common ways for people to be remembered when they die is with a

Cemetery Monument of some sort

3

From Greek, meaning sleeping place

Cemetery

4

An area of ground set aside and dedicated for the final disposition of dead human bodies or cremated remains

Cemetery

5

The evolution of the cemetery can be traced by three occurrences

Churchyard Cemetery
Garden Cemetery
Memorial Park

6

One of the most significant influences on American cemeteries was the

Transition from a rural, agrarian society to a more urban "community" based society

7

Where were people first buried?

Inside the church

8

As in life, the deceased's station in life would determine their

burial place in the church

9

The more prominent and prosperous individuals were buried where?

As close to the altar as possible

10

As the congregation grew, the space inside the church became limited, burials moved where?

Outside the churchyard

11

The churchyard cemetery established these

Memorialization norms

12

Churchyard burial utilized the first

Single slab tomb stone memorial

13

The inscription of the first single slab tomb stone memorial included these

Name
Date of birth and death
Favorite passage of scripture

14

What infectious diseases were plaguing the US to cause a movement towards the garden cemetery?

Cholera
Yellow fever
Typhoid
Diphtheria
Small Pox

15

Some officials believed that the contagious diseases were caused by an invisible noxious vapor that was the result of decomposing organic matter, known as

Miasma

16

In 1822, New York lost how many citizens from yellow fever

16 thousand

17

The first American suburban cemetery was located where?

Cambridge massachusetts

18

The first American suburban cemetery was

Mount Auburn Cemetery

19

Mount Auburn Cemetery was designed to

Quarantine the dead from the living
As a place to celebrate life and eternal life

20

The garden cemetery was designed to resemble

The rambling gardens of an English estate

21

The garden cemetery was picturesque and peaceful, where man walks in

Tranquility and harmony with God

22

This is a cemetery or section of a cemetery with only flush to the ground type markers

Memorial Park

23

The first memorial park was

Forest Lawn Memorial Park in Glendale, CA

24

Who founded the first memorial park?

Dr. Hubert Eaton

25

When was the first memorial park founded?

1917

26

The memorial park eliminated these factors found in the garden cemetery

Upright memorial and the aesthetic garden setting

27

As a result o the memorial park, these were greatly reduced

Time and labor associated with ground maintenance

28

One of the most dramatic changes in cemetery design is the growing trend of

Green Burial

29

This ensures that the burial site remains as natural and simple as possible in all respects

A green or natural cemetery

30

Interment of the bodies in a green cemetery is done in

A biodegradable casket, shroud, or a favorite blanket

31

In 1942, what did Dr. Hubert Eaton do?

Combined the funeral home with the memorial park creating Forest Lawn Memorial Park and Mortuary

32

A green cemetery is designed to

Let nature take its course

33

A green cemetery does not allow the use of

Embalming fluids, expensive caskets or outer burial containers

34

Currently, there are ___ green burial sites in Britain

215

35

A subdivision of a cemetery containing several blocks

Section

36

A subdivision of a cemetery containing several lots; these make up sections

Blocks

37

A subdivision of a cemetery containing several graves or interment spaces; these make up blocks

Lot

38

An excavation in the earth as a place for interment

Grave

39

A structure, usually of stone or metal, erected to commemorate the life, deeds, or career of a deceased person; from the Latin word meaning to remind

Monument

40

A small headstone, usually one piece, used to identify individual graves

Marker

41

A physical object that is designed for the purpose of remembering

Memorial

42

The most common form of memorialization used todau

Upright Marker/Monument

43

Consists of two pieces, a die/tablet, and a base

Upright Marker/Monument

44

The main part of a monument, the upright portion above the base where the inscription is located

Die/Tablet

45

The lower or supporting part of the monument

Base

46

This typically stands 16" to 18" in height with the front slanting or sloping back at a 45 degree angle

Slant Marker

47

These lay flush with ground. Generally 24" x 14" but can be larger or smaller depending upon cemetery requirements

Flat Marker

48

A bench made out of granite
They typically consist of a top piece supported by two standards
Can serve as enduring memorials dedicating a park or other suitable location
Can be used a cemetery memorials
Permission is needed by the cemetery before this can be installed

Bench Memorial

49

A flat marker cast out of bronze. These are either mounted to a granite or cement base that serves as a foundation

Bronze Marker

50

An inscription on a monument to commemorate the deeds or qualities of the departed

Epitaph

51

Most often used in lettering and creating the ornamentation that is present on the memorial

Sand Carving

52

A diamond tip engraving tool is used to remove some of the polished areas out of the granite. As the polished areas are removed, the lighter areas remain to create beautiful works of art

Etching

53

A monument erected to the memory of the dead, with the dead human body not present

Cenotaph

54

A building containing crypts or vaults for entombment; an above ground structure for burial

Mausoleums

55

A very premium form of above ground entombment

Private/Family Mausoleum

56

This is constructed to provide above-ground entombment to an individual or family at a pre-selected site at the cemetery

Private/Family Mausoleum

57

Designed to accommodate a large number of people
More affordable
Provided cemeteries with opportunities to efficiently make use of land in the cemetery

Community Masoleum

58

A building with indoor crypt spaces, climate controlled for year round comfort, and can offer a quiet setting with natural lighting, carpet, stained glass windows, features, seating areas, and a comfortable atmosphere for services or for all who visit their loved ones

Chapel Community Mausoleum

59

A building with all exterior, outdoor crypt spaces. Can be features and benches around the Mausoleum

Garden Mausoleum

60

A chamber in a mausoleum, of sufficient size, generally used to contain the casketed remains of a deceased person

Crypt

61

A grave space where two or more persons may be buried in a grave liner which have been stacked one on top of the other, with the first person who dies being buried in the deepest grave liner with subsequent burials on top

Lawn Crypt

62

A structure, room, or space in a mausoleum or other building containing niches or recesses used to hold cremated remains

Columbarium

63

A recess or space in a columbarium used for the permanent placing of cremate remains

Niche

64

Why do families select above ground entombment

Clean, dry, above ground entombment
Do not want to be put in the ground
More convenient for loved ones to visit

65

What are the 4 major mausoleum related concerns?

Body Fluid Leakage
Decomposition Odor
Infestation
Casket Deterioration...over time

66

This is a sealed unity that is designed to provide a controlled environment for the casket

Casket Protector