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Flashcards in Klus prep Abrahamic religions Deck (69):
1

Mitzvoth

Rules that the Jews had to follow (apart of their religion)

2

What was origin of Judaism

2000BCE Abraham was called into a covenant

3

What was the covenant about

God would give him a son, be the father of nation, protect him and give him the land of Israel (promised land)

4

What is the diaspora

The scattering of the Jews

5

Where did Abraham go

He went to Ur, then Harran, Canaan, and went to Egypt with his offspring

6

How many captivities happened to the Jews

Two captivities happened to the Jews, the Roman and the Babylonian captivities

7

Exodus story

Moses, plagues, Ten Commandments, and promise land

8

Vernacular

Means translated to most common language

9

Covenant

An agreement between two or more parties

10

Great schism

A split between the Catholic Church

11

Why did the great schism happen

The eastern thought that the pope shouldn’t have power over them, but the western thought that the pope was closest to god, therefore they should lead the Catholics, so they split in 1054

12

Protestant reformation

Martin Luther created the Protestant church, because he wanted to divorce, but he couldn’t, so he made the Protestant church

13

Who does Abraham have children

Sarah (Jacob), Hagar (Ishmael)

14

What are gentilles

People who aren’t Jews

15

What is god called

Yahweh

16

What are 3 differences between the eastern and the western churche

The Eastern church believes that pope shouldn’t have power over them, so the pope doesn’t lead them, the western church believes the pope is closest to god, and the eastern church doesn’t believe in purgatory like the western church

17

What is the difference between the Protestants and the Catholic Church

The Protestants don’t have a pope, Catholics don’t base their beliefs on the Bible alone and they follow the traditions more then what the Bible says, the last they have a pope, bishops, priests and deacons that are only male a don’t marry

18

What’s so special about Calvin’s church

He had predestination, based on his teachings

19

What is the Roman Catholic official language

Latin

20

What did Henry the 8th do

He mad the 2nd Protestant church called the Anglican Church (1536 CE), because his wife wouldn’t give him a baby born, and the church wouldn’t let him divorce his wife, so he made his own church so he could divorce her

21

What is the sabbath for the abrahamic religions

Sabbath for Islam- Friday
Sabbath for Christianity- Sunday
Sabbath for Judaism- Saturday

22

What were indulgences

shorten the time your in purgatory, or others

23

Who gets enslaved in Egypt

The Jews

24

Who asks god for help and what does he do

Moses ask the pharaoh to let his people go and it doesn’t work, so he asks god and the people get freed after the ten plagues

25

The ten plagues

Water to blood
Frogs
Gnats/lice
Flies
Livestock disease
Boils
Thunder and hail
Locust
Darkness
Death to first born

26

What is the Passover

When the death angel comes and kills first born

27

How to prevent from dying in the pass over

Put sheeps blood on top of the door

28

How long did the Jews and Moses wander in the desert

40 years

29

What happened when the Jews got to the promised land

When they got to Canaan, people were their

30

What happened in the war

David knocked out the giant with a rock using a slingshot and then used a sword to chop off his head

31

Who is the king of the Jews after the war, what happens and when

Davis is next king and he brings the ark of the covenant (970 BCE)

32

Who was the next king after David and what did he do

Solomon was the next king who made the temple for the ark of the covenant and made the people pay heavy taxes which lead to a revolt

33

What happened to the churches that caused them to split

Northern tribes broke away to form separate kingdom of Israel. Southern kingdom, ruled by decendents of David and Solomon, named Kingdom of Judah

34

After the churches split what happens

The Assyrians conquer the northern kingdom and they scattered across the Assyrian empire

35

What happens in 539 BCE

The Persians defeat the Babylonians and let them go

36

How long was the Babylonian captivity

(597 - 539 BCE)

37

What language gets introduced to the Jews in 331 BCE

Greek

38

Why was Hanukkah created

The Jews revolted against Greeks in 132, when they imposed the Greek religion to them

39

What happens between 63 BCE and 66 CE

The Romans conquer (63 BCE) and then the Jews revolt in 66 CE and are force the Romans out, but 4 years later they conquer the Jews again and forced the Jews to leave

40

What happened in 132 CE

Jews revolt again and again are crushed - Romans force all Jews to leave Jerusalem and renamed land Palestine (after Philistines)

41

What is the old bible and the new part of the Bible called

The old is called the Old Testament and the new is called the Tenak

42

What are the 3 parts of the Tenak

The first is the Torah, the 2nd the Nevim, and the last is the Kiturime

43

Where did Hebrews worship

Synagogue

44

Percentage of 3 types of Jews

Orthodox 7 (orignal), conservative 38 (English translation), and reform (modern)

45

What is Christianity based on

Life, teachings, death, and resurrections

46

How long did Jesus live

5 BCE - 33 CE

47

When did Jesus do his ministry

His last 3 years

48

Trinitarian monotheism

The son, the father, and the Holy Spirit

49

What made Jesus special

The resurrection

50

Peter (4 things)

One of 12 disciples
Went to Rome established church
First Bishop of Rome
Worked in Jewish Communities

51

Paul

Rejected idea of Jesus as Messiah and persecuted Jews that became Christians
He became a Christian, traveled around the Mediterranean and converted Gentilles to Christians

52

Christianity: Reasons for Growth (5 things)

1. Promised salvation (better afterlife)
2. Jesus thought everybody should be accepted, equal, and loved
3. Romans familiar with the religion
4. Missionaries used trade routes to travel
5. Christian communities gave people a sense of belonging

53

Who was the first to persecute and when

Nero (60 CE)

54

Who had the worst persecutions

Diocletian

55

Why did Christianity become legalized

Converted his army to Christians right before the battle and won, so he legalized it

56

Roman Catholic Church Organization

Pope
Cardinals
Bishops
Priests - rankings above priest can’t marry
Laity

57

When was the Great schism

1054 CE

58

Life of Muhammad

Born in Mecca 570CE - 632 CE

59

Beginning of the Muslim calendar

632 CE

60

How did Muhammad start his life

In poverty, then became successful merchant

61

Angel Gabriel came to Muhammad and what did he say

To be gods role as gods messager

62

What was the night called when Angel Gabriel came to Muhammad

The night of power and excellence

63

Who did Muhammad marry

He married Khadijah

64

When did Muhammad share his experience

At 40

65

Was Muhammad’s teachings popular

No, they were not

66

What happened to Muhammad in 630 CE

He conquered Mecca and established holy center of Islam

67

Who is Alluh’s final prophet

Muhammad

68

Where do Muslims pray

Mosque

69

What are the 5 pillars

Declaration of faith
Pray five times per day
Almsgiving - giving to the poor
Ramadan - fasting 9th month
Pilgrimage to Mecca