Flashcards in Knee Deck (18)
The site of insertion of the iliotibial tract on the tibia. Some of the fibers of the biceps femoris tendon may also insert on this tubercle.
Pes Anserine (Goose Foot)
The common insertion of the gracilis, sartorius and semitendinosus.
Pes Anserine Bursa
This bursa is located between the tibia and the Pes Anserine.
Ligaments of the Knee
Medial Collateral Ligament
Lateral Collateral Ligament
Anterior Cruciate Ligament
Posterior Cruciate Ligament
Medial Patellofemoral Ligament
Lateral Patellofemoral Ligament
ASIS to midpoint of the patella
Midpoint of the patella to the Tibal Tubercle
Normal is 10-12* for males
Normal is 15* for females
Functions to unlock the knee by externally Rotating the femur on the tibia during the initial portion of knee flexion.
Screw Holme Mechanism
Proximal Attachment - Along the anterior part of the external lip of the iliac crest and outer surface of the anterior iliac spine.
Distal Attachment - inserts into the iliotibial band (or tract) at the junction of the proxmial and middle of the thigh
The ITB continues distally inserting into Gerdy's Tubercle on the tibia
The menisci are semi-lunar shaped fibrocartilage.
Dissipation of force
Improve joint lubrication
Enhance joint nourishment
Increase the congruency of the joint surfaces and improve weight distribution.
Subcutaneous Prepatellar Bursa
Subcutaneous Infrapatellar Bursa
Bursa under the lateral head of the gastroc
Synovial folds of tissue
and all the crap we talked about in class, intraarticular blah blah blah
Situated outside of the capsule
Situated or occuring inside/within the capsule
Inside the joint