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Flashcards in Knights Deck (29)
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1

Black Death

A very deadly and contagious disease that was spread by fleas and rats which lived on Medieval ships and all around cities/towns.

2

Symptoms of the Black Death

It causes swollen lymph nods and was covered in black blotches. You will also get a high fever, hallucinate, and vomit blood.

3

Bubonic plague

A highly contagious, usually fatal disease. Swollen lymph nods were a typical symptom.

4

Scapegoat

A person wrongfully blamed, sometimes leading to persecution.

5

Peasants revolt

When the lowest order of society rose up and demanded better living conditions.

6

Jacquerie

Another name for the peasants revolt but in France.

7

Poll tax

A standard tax collected from every person.

8

Wat Tyler

One of the leaders of the peasants revolt and a former soldier. But then killed by the Lord Mayor of London.

9

John ball

One of the leaders of the peasants revolt. He was also a stirring preacher who believed that since all people were equal in the sight of God, there should be no class distinctions.

10

Flagellants

Groups of religious fanatics

11

Giovanni Boccaccio

An Italian poet who used the Black Death as a background for his collection of stories called Decameron.

12

Apprentice

One who learns a trade by working for a master.

13

Charter

A written order authorizing the right to operate as a town.

14

Commerce

The buying, selling, and trading of goods and services.

15

Guild

A union of people practicing the same craft.

16

Journeyman

One admitted to a guild but not yet a master.

Got paid money daily

17

Master

A certified expert and perfected the skill to make goods and produce them

18

Barter

A person who exchanges goods for goods.

19

Hanseatic League

When Merchant guilds put their wealth together.

20

Merchant guild

The most powerful citizens

21

Middle class

People who have money and a desire for freedom

22

Page

At the age of 7 or 8, a nobles son would be sent to live in the household of another knight.

Gets education from a knight.

Waits at the table, learns to ride, to fight, and to play music.

Learns knightly courtesy

23

Squire

At the age of 14 or 15 THE become a squire

Knights assistant/bodyguard

Attends the knights tournaments

Fights by the knights side in battles

Learns how to care for weapons

Spent most of their time hunting

Expected to b a knight

24

Knight

Usually at the age of 21, squires become knights

Would be bathed and be purified before the ceremony

A new knight was dubbed, robbed, and armed by his lord

25

Why did the Hundred Years' War last so long?

There were frequent truces

Nobody fought in the winter since roads were impassable

The armies spent much of their time maneuvering for position, burning homes, trampling crops, and raiding farmers food stores.

26

Between what 2 countries and over what?

Between France and England

It was over who should be king

27

What WEAPON did the English have that France did not?

The Longbow

28

Person who was the turning point and had a message from god:

Joan the arc

29

What impact did the Black Death have on society?

It impacted the society because so many serfs died that the surviving serfs would have to do more work for the same amount of money. So then people started trading businesses, and that lead to the end of Fuedalism