Flashcards in Know how to respond to common medical conditions- symptoms and effective treatment Deck (12):
Identify three symptoms of an asthma attack?
-shortness of breath
-tightness in the chest
-distress and anxiety
How should you respond/treat an asthma attack?
- reassure and calm the patient
- get them to use their inhaler
- get them to sit in a comfortable position, leaning forward over a chair
- contact emergency services
Identify four symptoms of epilepsy?
- loss of consciousness/black out
- loss of memory
How should you respond/treat an epileptic seizure?
- move harmful objects away from the person/cushion their head
- keep them warm
- place in the recovery position once seizure has ended
-give them anti-epileptic drugs (medication)
What is the difference between Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes?
Type 1- person is insulin dependent or no insulin, usually genetically determined, usually diagnosed at a young age, high blood sugar levels
Type 2- non-insulin dependent or not enough insulin produced, usually occurs in later life, often caused by poor lifestyle and diet, high blood sugar levels
What is diabetes?
It is a chronic condition where the amount of glucose in the blood is too high because the body cannot use it properly or make insulin effectively.
Identify three symptoms of diabetes.
- increased thirst
- going to the toilet frequently
- extreme tiredness
- weight loss
- wounds slow to heal
What are the symptoms of hypoglycemia (diabetic low blood sugar levels)?
- feeling shaky and irritable
- slurred speech
- constant thirst
- frequently going to the toilet
How should you treat diabetes?
- give the person some sugar (e.g. fruit juice, sugar sweets, regular cola) (if blood sugar levels low)
-monitor blood sugar levels
- give/inject insulin
Name two childhood diseases.
-Osgood Schlatter Disease
- Severs Disease
For Osgood Schlatter Disease provide the following information:
Definition- usually affects young athletes (10-15yrs old), caused by quadricep muscle pulling on the attachment point at the top of the shin bone, just below the knee
Symptoms- pain below knee/top of shin bone, pain is worse during and after exercise, bone may stick out at top of the shin
Treatment- R.I.C.E, change sports/cut down on activity, use a knee support