Know how to respond to common medical conditions- symptoms and effective treatment Flashcards Preview

Cambridge National Sport Level 1/2 > Know how to respond to common medical conditions- symptoms and effective treatment > Flashcards

Flashcards in Know how to respond to common medical conditions- symptoms and effective treatment Deck (12):
1

Identify three symptoms of an asthma attack?

-coughing
-wheezing
-shortness of breath
-tightness in the chest
-distress and anxiety

2

How should you respond/treat an asthma attack?

- reassure and calm the patient
- get them to use their inhaler
- get them to sit in a comfortable position, leaning forward over a chair
- contact emergency services

3

Identify four symptoms of epilepsy?

- loss of consciousness/black out
- seizures/fits/convulsions
-muscles stiffening
- loss of memory

4

How should you respond/treat an epileptic seizure?

- move harmful objects away from the person/cushion their head
- keep them warm
- place in the recovery position once seizure has ended
-give them anti-epileptic drugs (medication)

5

What is the difference between Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes?

Type 1- person is insulin dependent or no insulin, usually genetically determined, usually diagnosed at a young age, high blood sugar levels
Type 2- non-insulin dependent or not enough insulin produced, usually occurs in later life, often caused by poor lifestyle and diet, high blood sugar levels

6

What is diabetes?

It is a chronic condition where the amount of glucose in the blood is too high because the body cannot use it properly or make insulin effectively.

7

Identify three symptoms of diabetes.

- increased thirst
- going to the toilet frequently
- extreme tiredness
- weight loss
- wounds slow to heal

8

What are the symptoms of hypoglycemia (diabetic low blood sugar levels)?

- feeling shaky and irritable
- confusion
- slurred speech
- unconsciousness
- constant thirst
- frequently going to the toilet

9

How should you treat diabetes?

- give the person some sugar (e.g. fruit juice, sugar sweets, regular cola) (if blood sugar levels low)
-monitor blood sugar levels
- give/inject insulin

10

Name two childhood diseases.

-Osgood Schlatter Disease
- Severs Disease

11

For Osgood Schlatter Disease provide the following information:
Definition (2)
Symptoms (2)
Treatment (2)

Definition- usually affects young athletes (10-15yrs old), caused by quadricep muscle pulling on the attachment point at the top of the shin bone, just below the knee
Symptoms- pain below knee/top of shin bone, pain is worse during and after exercise, bone may stick out at top of the shin
Treatment- R.I.C.E, change sports/cut down on activity, use a knee support

12

For Severs Disease provide the following information:
Definition (2)
Symptoms (2)
Treatment (2)

Definition- swelling of the growth plate in the heel bone, caused by repetitive stress on the heel
Symptoms- heel pain, made worse with activities such as running and jumping
Treatment- R.I.C.E., stretch hamstring and calf muscles, use foot supports/insoles