Flashcards in Kohlberg's 'Gender Consistency Theory - Gender Deck (18):
What does the theory suggests?
That as the brain matures thinking about gender becomes more sophisticated
What type of theory is it?
Cognitive Development theory
What are the 3 stages?
Gender identity, gender stability, gender consistency
What is the gender identity stage?
- The child recognises he/she is a boy/girl
- Observe and pay attention to same sex individuals = play more with them
What is the gender stability stage?
- Awareness that gender is fixed = remains the same across different situations
What is the gender consistency stage?
- Recognises that superficial changes in appearance or actives do not alter gender
- Act in a consistently sex-typed manner = example of self socialisation
What did Munroe find?
That there is a cross cultural agreement on the sequence of gender concept development = supports as suggests stages of development are biological
How does Munroe's study address N/N?
Suggests gender development is nature as it is the same across cultures suggesting it is biological and not to do with how children are nurtured.
What does this theory ignore?
The influence of external factors - boys being punished for acting feminine but being rewarded for being masculine - vice versa
What did McConaghy do?
Demonstrated gender stability:
- Children given dolls with their genitals clearly visible through transparent clothing. They assigned gender on the basis of clothing not the visible gender
Why does McConaghy's study support the theory?
Shows children do not yet recognises that sex remains the same across different situations
What did .... do?
Showed 3-5 year olds photos of naked children and photos of the same children dressed in gender related clothing
What did ... find and what does this show?
Just less than 50% knew that gender remained the same
= Shows Kohlberg's methods were too hard and that given the right method children demonstrated gender consistency earlier than Kohlberg believed
How does PAS related to ... study?
The methods used in these studies are not very scientific as in everyone gender is operationalised differently
What did Levy et al do?
Children undertook a 2 part interview that assessed the degree of gender schematisation - opposite theory to gender consistency
What did Levy et al find?
- Children's gender schematisation and other cognitive gender schema factors were strongly associated with children's accuracy in attributing gender-role stereotypes to both males and females
- Stage of gender consistency was not significantly correlated with any of children's gender-role stereotype attributions
What does Levy et al's study show?
- Shows gender schemas are more important than gender consistency