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Flashcards in Korean War Deck (20):
1

What do communists believe?

State should provide jobs for everyone/ state should own all industry eg factories / prices should be controlled by the state / everyone should be equal

2

Who ruled the USSR from 1929 - 1953?

Stalin

3

What do capitalists believe?

Democracy / private companies / freedom of speech

4

Who was the President of the USA from 1945-1953?

Truman

5

Why did the USA feel threatened at the end of WW11?

Stalin kept control of the countries he had taken from Hitler, such as Poland

6

What is the name of the American policy to stop Communism spreading?

Containment

7

How did the USA try to stop Communists from taking control of China?

Sent millions of dollars and lots of weapons to the nationalists

8

What is the 38th parallel?

The line dividing Korea in half with the USSR controlling the north and USA controlling the south

9

Who was in charge of each part of Korea from 1948?

Syngman Rhee who was elected in the South, Kim Il Sung took charge of the north

10

What happened on the 25th if June 1950?

North Korea Army invaded the south

11

Who did the USA persuade to support action against Kim Il Sung?

The UN

12

Why was the USSR unable to stop action against Kim Il Sung?

They were boycotting the UN so could not veto the decision

13

Why was Truman so threatened by the attack on South Korea?

He thought Stalin was trying to spread Communism further so was determined to stop

14

What was operation Chromite?

The American counter attack on 15th September 1950 to push North Korea out of South Korea

15

Why did operation chromite achieve?

It pushed the North Koreans back on the 38th parallel by 1st October

16

Where did the US reach in North Korea during the counter attack?

Pyongyang on 19th October 1950

17

Why did China send the communist party volunteers to help the North Koreans?

They were worried that the Americans would continue their attack into China

18

What tactics did the Chinese CPV use?

They let the UNC have some easy victories but then counter attacked and cut off the UNC in North Korea which was humiliating defeat

19

What was the USA’s policy of attrition and give examples?

Gradual wearing down of the enemy by bombing them, eg Operations Killer and Ripper

20

Why was General MacArthur fired?

He wanted to push on from Korea and bomb China