Flashcards in Korean War Deck (20):
What do communists believe?
State should provide jobs for everyone/ state should own all industry eg factories / prices should be controlled by the state / everyone should be equal
Who ruled the USSR from 1929 - 1953?
What do capitalists believe?
Democracy / private companies / freedom of speech
Who was the President of the USA from 1945-1953?
Why did the USA feel threatened at the end of WW11?
Stalin kept control of the countries he had taken from Hitler, such as Poland
What is the name of the American policy to stop Communism spreading?
How did the USA try to stop Communists from taking control of China?
Sent millions of dollars and lots of weapons to the nationalists
What is the 38th parallel?
The line dividing Korea in half with the USSR controlling the north and USA controlling the south
Who was in charge of each part of Korea from 1948?
Syngman Rhee who was elected in the South, Kim Il Sung took charge of the north
What happened on the 25th if June 1950?
North Korea Army invaded the south
Who did the USA persuade to support action against Kim Il Sung?
Why was the USSR unable to stop action against Kim Il Sung?
They were boycotting the UN so could not veto the decision
Why was Truman so threatened by the attack on South Korea?
He thought Stalin was trying to spread Communism further so was determined to stop
What was operation Chromite?
The American counter attack on 15th September 1950 to push North Korea out of South Korea
Why did operation chromite achieve?
It pushed the North Koreans back on the 38th parallel by 1st October
Where did the US reach in North Korea during the counter attack?
Pyongyang on 19th October 1950
Why did China send the communist party volunteers to help the North Koreans?
They were worried that the Americans would continue their attack into China
What tactics did the Chinese CPV use?
They let the UNC have some easy victories but then counter attacked and cut off the UNC in North Korea which was humiliating defeat
What was the USA’s policy of attrition and give examples?
Gradual wearing down of the enemy by bombing them, eg Operations Killer and Ripper