Flashcards in KQ3 - What are the issues associated with the development of hot arid/semi-arid environments? Deck (7)
Where is the Navajo Nation?
• Monument Valley is located on the southern border of Utah with northern Arizona
What is the unemployment rate in the Navajo Nation?
What size is the Navajo Nation?
• 26,000 square miles
What opportunities are there in the Navajo nation?
• Selling homemade baskets to tourists as souvenirs $3000-7000 each
• Income generation
What issues arise in the Navajo Nation?
• Travel 300miles to get basic resources
• Rely on wealthy tourists who value Navajo culture
• Sumac grass isn’t found nearby (arid area) have to source grass for the baskets
• Difficult to maintain cultural identity
• Declining numbers of children learning the native language
• Businesses = primary or tertiary sector: little diversification
• A complicated process to start a business – archaeological survey, obtain a letter of support from the tribe’s president
• Navajos do not own their land – held in trust by federal government, almost 8000 claim grazing rights over land that often extends into towns.
• Political problems, resulting in private enterprise which is unsuccessful
What are the issues found in Arches National Park, SE Utah, USA?
• ORVs damage the fragile ecosystem which leads to soil erosion, steam pollution and a loss of wildlife
o ORV trails have grown by 200% in the last 5 years - Utah now has 160,000km of dirt roads
• River crossings increased and the stream bed has been damaged + a loss in fish species
• Tourists can damage natural stone arches
• Increasing accessibility for tourists can damage cryptobiotic crust
o Damage = can prevent further growth of plants
o Crust prevents erosion and holds sand/soil particles in place so they don’t blow away