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What does the study of developmental psychology usually involve?

observing/ measuring...

- children's behaviour
- changes in human behaviour over time


Developmental psychology often have to distinguish or explain interactions/ influences between multiple aspects of development. What are these multiple aspects?

- Physical development
- social
- emotional
- cognitive + communicative


What are the two main things the study of developmental psychology aims to do?

1. Describe; what develops
2. Explain; how does it develop


What are some issues with having children as participants?

- Getting consent


Why can't adults be used to understand a child's perspective?

children do not communicate the same way as adults do

- Issue of validity: how do we know what we are measuring is what we actually want to measure when we can't take the perspective of a child fully?


What are the 2 ways change over time can be measured?

1. Comparing young + older children
2. Testing the same children over multiple points in time
-- when do u test tho? important to consider individual differences + normal development

= still want to make generalised conclusions ya know


Describing development: what developments do developmental psychologist study?

1. Physical development
- reflexes, brain, motor skills

2. Emotional development
- forming relationships
- processing + regulating emotions
- Understanding self = key in informing the quality of relationship to others

3. Social development
- sociocultural context = family, parenting etc
- peers, intimate relationships

4. Cognitive development
- how we process and understand the world


Which innate responses need to be considered in understanding what develops?

- child temperament
- genetics primers


Explaining development: How does developmental psychologist go about explaining development?

- focusing on a theory that can predict chance + explain how the change has occurred


What questions should the theory be able to answer?

1. What drives the development - nature vs nurture?
2. Why are there individual differences?
3. Does the child have an active role to play in their own development?
4. Are there jumps in development, or does it occur continuously?
5. Are there cp of development?
6. Is development universal or is there variation across cultures?


What development variation was found between babies in western society and a specific african community?

- african community baby = more aware of themselves physically
- western baby = better at recognising themselves in the mirror


What are the different methodology used in developmental psychology?

- interviews
- Q'aires
- Observations
- Hypothetical scenarios
- Lab tests and tasks


What two main experimental designs do they use?

1. Cross-sectional
- compares children of different age groups
- Useful for identifying differences across age groups
-- but doesn't explain how the development occurred nor dose it tell us about individual differences

2. Longitudinal designs
- follows a group of children over a period of time
- reveals patterns of change
- helps explain stability of individual differences or lack of them) over long periods