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Flashcards in L19-Chinese Med Deck (28):
1

Describe the regulation of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) practices in Canada.

-BC, Alberta, Ontario, Newfoundland, and Quebec have TCM practitioner and acupuncturist licensing programs
􏰀-MB is not subject to government regulation.
>Practitioners must qualify for membership in a regulatory association
􏰀>CMAAC, the Chinese Medicine and Acupuncture Association of Canada

2

In a province where acupuncture and/or TMC is not governed by a regulatory body:

must complete at least 3 year full time acupuncture/chinese med course that = 1900 hours of full time study + 500 clinical hours, from education institution approved by CMAAC or registered by a provincial department of education or FTCMCC

3

Hx
______ is the oldest received work of Chinese medical theory

-TCM originated in China, over two thousand years ago
-The Yellow Emperor's Inner Canon

4

Theory, Dx, Treatment
-list e.g. of each

1. theory: Qi/meridians, yin-yang
2. Dx: tongue, ulse
3. Tx: herbalism, acupuncture, cupping

5

Theory, Dx, Treatment
Define Qi

Energy flow in body that follows certain pathways called meridians

6

Theory, Dx, Treatment
Describe meridians

are networks of pathways along which Qi energy flows
-14 main channels connecting the body in a web-like interconnecting matrix of 360 acupoints
-meridians correspond to diff organs

7

Theory, Dx, Treatment
Describe yin-yang

-Yin and Yang are terms used to describe the opposing manifestations of Qi
-PNS vs. SNS
-Changing & transforming
􏰀-Health=Balance of Yin-Yang of Qi
􏰀-Illness=Imbalance (can be excessive or deficient)

8

Theory, Dx, Treatment
Describe Yin characteristics.

general: cold, dark
human body: interior, structure
path: fatigue, chronic

9

Theory, Dx, Treatment
Describe Yin characteristics.

general: hot, bright
human body: exterior, function
path: insomnia, acute

10

Theory, Dx, Treatment
Tongue - what 2 things do they look for?

-body: size, color, shape
-coating: color, moisture, thickness

11

Theory, Dx, Treatment
Pulse - what do u check for?

-radial artery pulse to feel the rate, strength, and quality

12

Theory, Dx, Treatment
Pulse - left?
- right?

Left: heart (cun), liver (guan), kidney (chi)
R: lung, spleen, kidney

13

Theory, Dx, Treatment
List treatments

1. herbalism
2. acupuncture
3. cupping

14

1. Herbalism
Describe herbalism's origin (aka herbology, herbal medicine).

-traditional medicinal or folk medicine practice based on the use of plants and plant extracts
􏰀-originate from the discovery that some plants could alleviate or eliminate suffering from diseases

15

1. Herbalism
Herbal materia medica

plant (crude, prepared leaves, barks, berries, roots, gums, seeds, stems)
insects
minerals
animal products

16

1. Herbalism
Appointment Tx structure

-Individualized
􏰀-Formula modified in follow-up
􏰀-Short term symptom treatment
􏰀-Long-term tonic treatment

17

1. Herbalism
safety issues?

-Misidentification
• Self-prescribing
• Substitution
• Medication interactions
• Contamination
• Allergic reactions
• Adulteration

18

1. Herbalism
list dose forms (4)

•Dry extracts (pills or capsules)
•Teas
•Syrups
•Oils

19

2. Acupuncture
Describe.

-inserting needles in specific points on the body to manipulate the flow of energy or Qi
-􏰀One of the oldest, most commonly used medical procedures in the world
􏰀 It became widely known in North America in 1970’s

20

2. Acupuncture
MOA?

-Qi blockage in the meridians results in illness
􏰀-Unblocks the blockages to allow free Qi flow
􏰀-Treat a person as a whole, promotes body self healing

21

2. Acupuncture
modern research

Stimulate nerves, which transmit electrical impulses to the spinal cord, brain and the body
􏰀 Stimulate the central nervous system (the brain and spinal cord) to release chemicals (serotonins, endorphins, enkephalins) into local or distant areas of the body

22

2. Acupuncture
T/F: WHO reported that it had effective Tx for Tx purpose

Tru! - good for:
- Pain-related concerns (acute/chronic)
• Digestive problems
• Anxiety/depression
• Infertility
• Insomnia

23

2. Acupuncture
Risks & SE?

-Safe when conducted by a qualified practitioner
1. Mild, short-lasting SE:
>localized pain
>bleeding or bruising where the needles are removed
􏰀
2. Serious complications, such as infections or tissue damage, are extremely rare
􏰀>only if practitioner not properly trained

24

3. Cupping
Describe.

Alternative medicine in which local suction is created on the skin
2 different types:
1. fire cupping
2. pump

25

3. Cupping
Benefits.

Muscle pain & stiffness
Anxiety, Fatigue
Skin problems
Migraines, Hypertension
Fever, Cold & Flu

26

3. Cupping
MOA.

-Stimulate internal energy flow, revive weakened organ functions, and improve immunity
􏰀-Suck out wind, cold, dampness and blood

27

3. Cupping
Modern research.

-Strengthen the phagocytic functions of white blood cells and the reticuloendothelial system
􏰀-Result in blood stasis and autoimmune hemolytic phenomena
􏰀-Regulate nerve excitability, dual-direction regulation

28

See chart for comparison of TCM and western med

DO IT! slide 40 :)