L2 - Tissue Healing & Pain Flashcards Preview

PT 514 Musculo Rehab > L2 - Tissue Healing & Pain > Flashcards

Flashcards in L2 - Tissue Healing & Pain Deck (37):
0

physiologic response of tissue following trauma

healing process

1

acute or chronic in nature

primary injury

2

primary injury that produces immediate pain and disability

macrotrauma

3

more chronic in nature injury that is from overuse and result from repetitive loading or incorrect mechanics from normal or abnormal loads

microtrauma

4

a destructive and self propagating biological change in cells and tissues that leads to their dysfunction or death over hours to weeks after the primary injury

secondary injury

5

a protective response by an organism to remove the irritating stimulus and initiate the healing process

inflammation

6

5 clinical signs of inflammation

heat (calor), redness (rubor), swelling (tumor), pain (dolor), loss of function

7

three phases of healing

inflammatory, proliferation, maturation

8

inflammatory phase is usually about blank long

0-6 days

9

proliferation phases usually spans from about blank to blank

day 3 - day 20

10

proliferation phase purpose is to cover the wound and impart blank to the blank

strength, injury site

11

injured site has the greatest amount of blank but the blank strength of tissues can be as low as blank percent of normal tissue

collagen, tensile, 15

12

initial collagen that is laid down is not oriented like the original blank, but eventually it blank

tissue, matures

13

signs and symptoms of blank subside during proliferation phase

inflammation

14

maturation phase usually goes from about blank to blank

day 20 - year 3

15

purpose of maturation phase is blank or remodeling of the blank fibers that make up the scar tissue

realignment, collagen

16

there are blank signs of inflammation during maturation phase

no

17

maturation phase may be accompanied by blank that limit motion

adhesions

18

in maturation phase, pain is felt only with blank usually

passive overpressure

19

tissues respond to the demands placed upon them causing remodeling or realignment of fibers along lines of tensile force

wolff's law

20

three factors that impact rate of healing

edema, hemorrhage, blood supply, muscle spasm, atrophy, infection, age

21

an unpleaseant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage, or described in terms of such damage

pain

22

pain is subjective and acts as a blank mechanism to protect against blank

warning, injury

23

pain experienced after injury has taken place and tissue damage is occurring

acute

24

pain defined as pain lasting longer than six months that has low grade swelling, some tissue necrosis

chronic

25

pain perceived to be in an area that has little relation to the pathology

referred

26

referred can be one blank away so upper quarter screen should be used to blank the other two blank

joint, rule out, joints

27

covered by irritation of nerves and nerve roots

radiating

28

radiating pain question that is important is blank to narrow down to which blank is the problem

where is the pain?, nerve

29

pain that emanates from a sclerotome (segment of bone innervated by spinal segment) and there is often a discrepancy between the site of the pain and the location of the pathology

deep somatic

30

most common referred pain

kehrs sign

31

four gains from rating pain

improved communication, directs clinician testing, standard measure for progress, documentation for physicians and insurances

32

patient gain from assessing pain

show that they're improving!

33

establishes spatial properties of pain, assess location of pain and number of subjective components

pain chart

34

78 word questionnaire that describes pain and takes patient about 20 mins

mcgill

35

most common pain profile and can be used before and after interventions

visual analog scale

36

pain management strategies

encouragement, education (understand why), validate pain, pain modulating modalities, patient responses to interventions to guide treatments,