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Flashcards in LA Info Deck (15)
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1

Polypnea vs. Oligopnea

Polypnea--increased RR
Oligopnea-- decreased RR

2

Prolonged 1) inspiration and 2) expiration are indications of what?

1) upper airway obstruction
2) lower airway obstruction

3

What muscle is involved with heave line?

EAO

4

Thumps

spasming of diaphragm

5

4 mechanisms of edema formation?

1) increased hydrostatic pressure
2) decreased colloid pressure
3) capillary damage
4) lymphatic obstruction

6

2 common arrhythmias

1) second degree heart block
2) atrial fibrillation

7

Normal HR
1) Bovine
2) porcine
3) Ovine
4) Caprine
5) Equine

1) 40-80/min
2) 60-100/min
3) 70-90/min
4) 70-90/min
5) 28-40/min

8

Normal Temp
1) Bovine
2) porcine
3) Ovine
4) Caprine
5) Equine

1) 100-103
2) 100-104
3) 102-105
4) 102-105
5) 99-101

9

Normal RR
1) Bovine (calves?)
2) porcine
3) Ovine
4) Caprine
5) Equine (foals?)

1) 20-90 (usual 20-40)
----calves: 30-60
2) 10-20/min
3)10-20/min (up to 90)
4) 10-20/min (up to 65)
5) 8-16/min
-----Foals: 20-60/min

10

Two tests for hardware disease?

Skootch test and grunt test

11

Horse head bob with lameness... when does it go down?

Down on sound leg, up on lame

12

Urination rates
bovine and equine
swine
small ruminants

1) 5-6x/day
2) 2-3x/day
3) 1-3x/day

13

2 common location for caliculi to lodge?

1) distal bend of sigmoid
2) urethral process

14

Frequency of defecation
1) horse
2) cattle

1) 8-10x/day
2) 12-18x/day

15

pH
1) rumen
2) urine
3) abomasum

1) 6-6.5
2) 8
3) 2-4