Lab 10 (part 1 of 2) - Reproductive Anatomy Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lab 10 (part 1 of 2) - Reproductive Anatomy Deck (38):
1

Function of the Reproductive System

Perpetuate the species

2

Describe the endocrine and exocrine glands of the reproductive system.

The male and female gonads are both:

1. Endocrine glands
- Produce and secrete:
# Testosterone
# Estrogen
# Progesterone

2. Exocrine glands
- Produce and release:
# Ova
# Sperm

3

Viable sperm production requires ___ Fahrenheit; therefore, ___ in the ___ descends below the ___.

Viable sperm production requires 94 DEGREES Fahrenheit; therefore, TESTES in the SCROTUM descends below the ABDOMEN.

4

Name the features of the sperm.

1. Acrosome
2. Head
3. Midpiece
4. Tail

5

Name the features of the sperm.

1. Acrosome
2. Head
3. Midpiece
4. Tail

6

A part of the sperm which contains egg-piercing enzymes by digesting the egg's protective cell layers

Acrosome

7

A part of the sperm which contains DNA

Head

8

A part of the sperm which contains mitochondria

Midpiece

9

A part of the sperm which is another name for the flagellum

Tail

10

Sperm is produced in ___ ___ in the ___.

Sperm is produced in SEMINIFEROUS TUBULES in the TESTES.

11

Viable sperm production requires ___ Fahrenheit; therefore, ___ in the ___ descends below the ___.

Viable sperm production
requires 94 DEGREES Fahrenheit;
therefore, TESTES in the SCROTUM
descends below the ABDOMEN.

12

Sperm is produced in ___ ___ in the ___.

Sperm is
produced in SEMINIFEROUS TUBULES
in the TESTES.

13

Testosterone is produced by ___ ___ in ___ ___ in the ___.

Testosterone is
produced by INTERSTITIAL CELLS
in SEMINIFEROUS TUBULES
in the TESTES.

14

Another term for interstitial cells

Leydig cells

15

List (in order) the passages through which sperm is released.

1. Seminiferous tubules (testes)

16

List (in order) the passages through which sperm is released.

1. Seminiferous tubules
2. Epididymis
3. Vas deferens (or ductus deferens)
4. Seminal vesicle
5. Ejaculatory duct
6. Prostate gland
7. Prostatic urethra
8. Membranous urethra
9. Penile urethra (or spongy urethra)
10. External urethral orifice

17

Where is sperm released next?

Seminiferous tubules --> ___

Epididymis

18

Where is sperm released next?

Epididymis --> ___

Vas deferens (or ductus deferens)

19

Where is sperm released next?

Vas deferens --> ___

Seminal vesicle

20

Where is sperm released next?

Seminal vesicle --> ___

Ejaculatory duct

21

Where is sperm released next?

Ejaculatory duct --> ___

Prostate gland

22

Where is sperm released next?

Ejaculatory duct --> ___

Prostate gland

23

Where is sperm released next?

Prostate gland --> ___

Prostatic urethra

24

Where is sperm released next?

Prostatic urethra --> ___

Membranous urethra

25

Where is sperm released next?

Membranous urethra --> ___

Penile urethra (or spongy urethra)

26

Where is sperm released next?

Penile urethra --> ___

External urethral orifice

27

Where is sperm released next?

Penile urethra --> ___

External urethral orifice

28

Produces alkaline fructose to nourish sperm

Seminal vesicle

29

Produces alkaline fluid that activates the sperm

Prostate gland

30

Both sperm and urine are released through the ___.

Urethra

31

Both sperm and urine are released through the ___.

Urethra

32

Name the features of the penis.

1. Corpora cavernosa
2. Corpus Spongiosum
3. Glans penis

33

A pair of dorsal erectile tissue surrounding the corpus spongiosum

Corpora cavernosa

34

A thin, ventral sheet of erectile tissue surrounding the penile urethra

Corpus spongiosum

35

Known as the sensitive tip of the penis

Glans penis

36

Produces alkaline fructose to nourish sperm for energy while neutralizing the acidity of the female vagina

Seminal vesicle

37

Known as the sensitive tip of the penis

Glans penis

38

List the percentages of semen

60% Seminal vesicle
- Alkaline fructose

30% Prostate gland
- Sperm activation

5% Bulbourethral (Cowper's) gland
- Mucus

5% Sperm