Lab 2-Organ systems, planes, and regions(test 1) Flashcards Preview

Anatomy And Phisiology > Lab 2-Organ systems, planes, and regions(test 1) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Lab 2-Organ systems, planes, and regions(test 1) Deck (74):
1

superior

towards top

2

inferior

towards bottom

3

cranial

towards the head

4

proximal

towards body

5

distal

away from the body

6

medial

middle

7

lateral

outside

8

central

closer to the brain

9

peripheral

outside

10

anterior

front

11

posterior

back

12

sagittal

separates into the left and right

13

transverse

separates into the top and bottom

14

frontal

separates into the front and back

15

pleural cavity- associated with the lungs

parietal pleura-lines cavity wall
visceral pleura-covers lungs

16

pericardial cavity- associated with the heart

parietal pericardium- covered by fibrous pericardium
visceral pericardium- epicardium

17

peritoneal cavity- associated with abdominal organs

parietal peritoneum- lines cavity wall
visceral peritoneum- covers organs

18

cranial cavity

houses the brain

19

thoracic cavity

houses lungs and heart

20

diaphragm

separates the thoracic and the abdominopelvic cavity

21

abdominopelvic cavity

houses liver, stomach, gallbladder, large intestine, small intestine

22

integumentary system

protection
skin, hair and nails

23

skeletal systems

support and protection
bones, ligaments

24

muscular system

movement
skeletal muscles, tendons

25

nervous system

detects changes; interprets sensory information; stimulates muscles and glands
brain, spinal cord, nerves

26

endocrine system

secretes hormones
pituitary gland, thyroid gland, parathyroid gland, adrenal glands, pancreas, ovaries, testes, pineal gland, thymus

27

cardiovascular system

transports gases, nutrients, and wastes
heart, arteries, veins

28

lymphatic system

immune cell production and return tissue fluid to blood
lymphatic vessels, lymph nodes, thymus, spleen

29

respiratory system

gas exchange between air and blood
nasal cavity, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, lungs

30

digestive system

food breakdown and absorption
mouth, tongue, teeth, salivary glands, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, small intestine, large intestine

31

urinary system

removes liquids and wastes from blood
kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra

32

male reproductive system

sperm production
scrotum, testes, penis, urethra

33

female reproductive system

egg production and fetal development
ovaries, uterine tubes (oviducts, Fallopian tubes), uterus, vagina

34

abdominopelvic quadrents

Right upper quadrant
Left upper quadrant
Right lower quadrant
Left lower quadrant

35

abdominopelvic regions

right hypochondriac
epigastric
left hypochondriac
right lateral(lumbar and flank)
Umbilical
left lateral(lumbar and flank)
left inguinal(iliac and groin)
pubic(hypogastric)
right inguinal(iliac and groin)

36

cephalic

head

37

nasal

nose

38

orbital

eye

39

oral

mouth

40

buccal

cheek

41

mental

chin

42

cervical

neck

43

acromial

shoulder

44

axillary

armpit

45

mammary

breast

46

brachial

arm

47

antecubital

anterior elbow

48

abdominal

abdomen

49

antebrachial

forearm

50

carpal

wrist

51

palmar

palm

52

digital

finger or toe

53

genital

reproductive

54

crural

leg

55

tarsal

ankle

56

sternal

middle thorax

57

pectoral

chest

58

umbilical

navel

59

inguinal

groin

60

coxal

hip

61

patellar

knee

62

pedal

foot

63

otic

ear

64

occipital

posterior head

65

vertebral

spinal column

66

dorsum

back

67

cubital

elbow

68

sacral

between hips

69

gluteal

buttocks

70

perineal

between anus and genital

71

femoral

thigh

72

popliteal

posterior knee

73

sural

calf

74

plantar

sole