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Flashcards in Lab Deck (16):
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What are the 4 ways of knowing

Opinion
Authority
Logic
Scientific Method

1

Steps in the scientific method

1) observation and description of a phenomenon
2) formulation of an hypothesis
3) use of hypothesis to predict existence of another phenomena
4) performance on an experiment to prove or semi disprove hypothesis

2

Hypothesis

A prediction about a specific event
Come from theories

3

Independent variable

The variable in an experiment that is manipulated

4

Dependent variable

Variable in an experiment that is measured

5

Empirical studies

Original research or secondary analysis if hypothesis via novel analysis of data not considered in previous reports

6

Literature review

Includes research synthesis and meta analysis
Critical evaluations of materials ready published

7

Theoretical Articles

Draws On existing research literature to advance theory

8

Methodological Articles

Focus on methodological or data analytic approach

9

Case studies

Report of case materials obtained while working with an individual

10

Sections in empirical journal article

Abstract
Introduction
Method
Results
Discussion
Reference List

11

Abstract

Summary of article

12

Introduction

Defines and explains topic

13

Method

Explains how study was conducted
Subsections of participants materials and procedure

14

Results

Statistical analysis of statistical tests used and their results

15

Discussion

Summarize the research question an methods
Indicate how well data supported hypothesis