Lab 7 (part 1 of 2) - Respiratory System Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lab 7 (part 1 of 2) - Respiratory System Deck (51):
1

List the 4 processes involved in respiration

1. Ventilation
2. External Respiration
3. Transport of Respiratory Gases
4. Internal Respiration

2

Movement of air in and out of the lungs

Ventilation

3

Gas exchange within the lungs

External Respiration

4

Gas exchange in the tissues

Internal Respiration

5

The cardiovascular system is involved in which respiration process?

Transport of Respiratory Gases

6

Where does air travel after passing through this structure?

Nose/mouth -->

Pharynx (naso/oro/laryngo)

7

Where does air travel after passing through this structure?

Pharynx (naso/oro/laryngo) -->

Larynx

8

Where does air travel after passing through this structure?

Larynx -->

Trachea

9

Where does air travel after passing through this structure?

Trachea -->

Primary bronchi

10

Where does air travel after passing through this structure?

Primary bronchi -->

Secondary bronchi

11

Where does air travel after passing through this structure?

Secondary bronchi -->

Tertiary bronchi

12

Where does air travel after passing through this structure?

Tertiary bronchi -->

Bronchioles (ending with the respiratory bronchioles)

13

Where does air travel after passing through this structure?

Bronchioles (ending with the respiratory bronchioles) -->

Alveoli

14

In order, list all of the structures involved in air travel

1. Nose/mouth
2. Pharynx (naso/oro/laryngo)
3. Larynx
4. Trachea
5. Primary bronchi
6. Secondary bronchi
7. Tertiary bronchi
8. Bronchioles (ending with the respiratory bronchioles)
9. Alveoli

15

What structure separates the nasopharynx from the oropharynx?

Uvula

16

What structure separates the oropharynx from the laryngopharynx?

Epiglottis

17

The primary bronchi lead to what structure?

To each of the lungs

18

The secondary bronchi lead to what structure?

To each lobe of the lungs

19

The tertiary bronchi lead to what structure?

To each tissue of the lungs

20

Name the special structures involved in respiration

1. Nasal conchae
2. Vocal folds
3. Vestibular folds
4. Epiglottis
5. Thyroid cartilage
6. Trachea
7. Lungs
8. Pleura

21

Describe:

Nasal conchae

Increase surface area to better humidify, clean, and moisturize the air

22

Describe:

Vocal folds

- True vocal cords
- Attached to arytenoid cartilages

23

Describe:

Vestibular folds

False vocal cords

24

Describe:

Epiglottis

Prevents food from entering the trachea

25

Describe:

Thyroid cartilage

Has the laryngeal prominence known as the "Adam's apple"

26

Describe:

Trachea

- Lies anterior to the esophagus
- Lined with pseudostratified ciliated columnar epithelium

27

Describe:

Lungs

- Made up of billions of alveoli surrounded by elastin fibers and smooth muscle
- Right lung has 3 lobes
- Left lung has 2 lobes and cardiac notch

28

Describe:

Pleura

- Parietal pleura on cavity
- Visceral pleura on lungs
- Pleural fluid for lubrication

29

Which structure fits this description?

Increase surface area to better humidify, clean, and moisturize the air

Nasal conchae

30

Which structure fits this description?

- True vocal cords
- Attached to arytenoid cartilages

Vocal folds

31

Which structure fits this description?

False vocal cords

Vestibular folds

32

Which structure fits this description?

Prevents food from entering the trachea

Epiglottis

33

Which structure fits this description?

Has the laryngeal prominence known as the "Adam's apple"

Thyroid cartilage

34

Which structure fits this description?

- Lies anterior to the esophagus
- Lined with pseudostratified ciliated columnar epithelium

Trachea

35

Which structure fits this description?

Made up of billions of alveoli surrounded by elastin fibers and smooth muscle

Lungs

36

Which structure fits this description?

Has 3 lobes

Right lung

37

Which structure fits this description?

Has 2 lobes and cardiac notch

Left lung

38

Which structure fits this description?

Lines the cavity

Parietal pleura

39

Which structure fits this description?

Lines the lungs

Visceral pleura

40

Which structure fits this description?

Functions in lubrication

Pleural fluid

41

The right lung has ___ lobes, so it should have ___ ___ bronchi.

The right lung has 3 lobes, so it should have 3 secondary bronchi.

42

What differentiates the bronchioles from the rest of the respiratory tubes?

Bronchioles are made of smooth muscle, whereas the rest are made of cartilage.

43

What are alveoli?

Air sacs

44

What are arytenoid cartilages?

- Attached to vocal folds
- Function to open up the vocal cords

45

What is the name for the opening of the vocal cords?

Glottis

46

What differentiates the epiglottis from the rest of the cartilaginous structures involved in respiration?

The epiglottis is made of elastic cartilage, whereas the rest are made of hyaline.

47

What is the nickname for the epiglottis?

"Guardian of the Airways"

48

What should be noted on a microscope slide of the trachea?

- Pseudostratified ciliated columnar epithelium
- Hyaline cartilage
- Seromucous glands
- Smooth muscle layer

49

What should be noted on a microscope slide of the lung alveoli?

- Simple squamous epithelium of alveoli
- Bronchiole
- Alveolar ducts
- Alveolar sacs
- Alveoli

50

What should be noted on a microscope slide of emphysema, in comparison with that of normal lung tissue?

Destroyed alveolar walls

51

What is the function of seromucous glands?

- Produce sheets of mucous
- Anything inhaled gets trapped there