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Flashcards in Lab Values Deck (75):
0

Hemoglobin (Hgb)
(Male)

14-18g/dL

1

Hemoglobin (Hgb)
(Female)

12-16g/dL

2

Hemoglobin (Hgb)
(Pregnant)

>11g/dL

3

Hemoglobin (Hgb)
(1-6yrs)

9.5-14g/dL

4

Hemoglobin (Hgb)
(6-18yr)

10-15.5g/dL

5

Hemoglobin (Hgb)
(Newborn)

14-24g/dL

6

Hemoglobin (Hgb)
(0-2 wk)

12-20g/dL

7

Hemoglobin (Hgb)
(2-6 mo)

10-17g/dL

8

Hemoglobin (Hgb)
(6mo-1yr)

9.5-14g/dL

9

Hemoglobin (Hgb)
(Nursing Implications)

High-altitude living increases values
Drug therapy can alter values
Slight Hgb decreases normally occur during pregnancy

10

Hematocrit (Hct)
(Male)

42-52%

11

Hematocrit (Hct)
(Female)

37-47%

12

Hematocrit (Hct)
(Pregnant)

>33%

13

Hematocrit (Hct)
(1-6 yr)

30-40%

14

Hematocrit (Hct)
(6-18yr)

32-44%

15

Hematocrit (Hct)
(Newborn)

44-64%

16

Hematocrit (Hct)
(2-8 wk)

39-59%

17

Hematocrit (Hct)
(2-6 mo)

35-50%

18

Hematocrit (Hct)
(6mo-1yr)

29-43%

19

Hematocrit (Hct)
(Nursing Implications)

Prolonged stasis from vasoconstriction secondary to the tourniquet can alter values.
Abnormalities in RBC size may alter Hct values

20

White Blood Cell Count (WBC)
(Both Genders - Adult)

5,000-10,000/mm3

21

White Blood Cell Count (WBC)
(

6,200-17,000/mm3

22

White Blood Cell Count (WBC)
(>/=2yr)

5,000-10,000/mm3

23

White Blood Cell Count (WBC)
(Newborn, term)

9,000-30,000/mm3

24

White Blood Cell Count (WBC)
(Nursing Implications)

Anesthetic, stress, exercise, and convulsions can cause increased values
Drug therapy can decrease values
24-48 hr postpartum: A count as high as 25,000 is normal

25

Sodium (Na+)
(Both genders - adults)

136-145mEq/L

26

Sodium (Na+)
(Child)

136-145mEq/L

27

Sodium (Na+)
(Newborn)

134-144mEq/L

28

Sodium (Na+)
(Infant)

134-150mEq/L

29

Sodium (Na+)
(Nursing Implications)

Do not collect from an arm with an infusing IV solution

30

Potassium (K+)
(Both genders-adult)

3.5-5mEq/L

31

Potassium (K+)
(Child)

3.4-4.7mEq/L

32

Potassium (K+)
(Newborn)

3-5.9mEq/L

33

Potassium (K+)
(Infant)

4.1-5.3mEq/L

34

Potassium (K+)
(Nursing Implications)

Hemolysis of specimen can result in falsely elevated values
Exercise of the forearm with tourniquet in place may cause an increased potassium level

35

Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN)
(Both Genders-Adults)

10-20mg/dL

36

Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN)
(Child)

5-18mg/dL

37

Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN)
(Newborn)

3-12mg/dL

38

Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN)
(Cord)

21-40mg/dL

39

Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN)
(Infant)

5-18mg/dL

40

Blood Glucose
(Both Genders-Adults)

70-110mg/dL

41

Blood Glucose
(

60-100mg/dL

42

Blood Glucose
(>2yr)

70-110mg/dL

43

Blood Glucose
(Cord)

45-96mg/dL

44

Blood Glucose
(Premature Infant)

20-60mg/dL

45

Blood Glucose
(Newborn)

30-60mg/dL

46

Blood Glucose
(Infant)

40-90mg/dL

47

Blood Glucose
(Elder)

Normal range increases after age 50

48

Blood Glucose
(Nursing Implications)

Client is kept NPO, except for water, for 8 hr before testing
Stress, infection, and caffeine can cause increased values

49

ABGs (pH)
(Both Genders-Adults)

7.35-7.45

50

ABGs (pH)
(Child)

7.35-7.45

51

ABGs (pH)
(Newborn)

3-12

52

ABGs (pH)
(Cord)

21-40

53

ABGs (pH)
(Infant)

5-18

54

ABGs
(Nursing Implications)

Specimen must be heparinized
Specimen must be iced for transport
All air bubbles must be expelled from sample
Direct pressure to puncture site must be maintained

55

ABGs (PCO2)
(Both Genders-Adult)

35-45mmHg

56

ABGs (PCO2)
(Child)

35-45 PCO2

57

ABGs (PCO2)
(<2yr)

26-41mmHg

58

ABGs (PO2)
(Both Genders-Adult)

80-100mmHg

59

ABGs (PO2)
(Child)

80-100mmHg

60

ABGs (PO2)
(Newborn)

60-70mmHg

61

ABGs (HCO3-)
(Both Genders-Adults)

21-28mEq/L

62

ABGs (HCO3-)
(Child)

21-28mEq/L

63

ABGs (HCO3)
(Infant/Newborn)

16-24mEq/L

64

ABGs (O2 saturation)
(Both Genders - Adults)

95-100%

65

ABGs (O2 Saturation)
(Child)

95-100%

66

ABGs (O2 Saturation)
(Newborn)

40-90%

67

ABGs (O2 Saturation)
(Elder)

95%

68

Bilirubin
(Newborn)

1-12mg/dL

69

Prothrombin Time (PT)
(Adults, Children, Infant/Newborn, Elderly)

11-12.5 sec

70

Prothrombin Time (PT)
(Pregnant)

Slight Decrease

71

Prothrombin Time (PT)
(Nursing Implications)

PT is used to help regulate Coumadin dosages
Therapeutic range: 1.5-2 times normal or control

72

Partial Thromboplastin Time (PTT)
(Adults, Child, Infant/Newborn, Elder)

60-70 sec

73

Partial Thromboplastin Time (PTT)
(Pregnant)

Slight Decrease

74

Partial Thromboplastin Time (PTT)
(Nursing Implications)

PTT is used to help regulate heparin dosages
Therapeutic range: 1.5 to 2.5 times normal or control