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Flashcards in Lab Values Deck (28):
1

Hematocrit for adult females

38-44%

2

Hematocrit for adult males

43-49%

3

RBC count for females

4.1-4.9 million/m3

4

RBC count for males

4.7-5.5 million/m3

5

Hemoglobin for females

12.2 - 14.7 g/dl

6

Hemoglobin for males

14.4 - 16.6 g.dl

7

Total WBC count

4,500 - 11,000
< 1,000 = isolation precautions

8

Platelet count
critical levels, low & high

150,000 - 350,000
Critical low < 20,000 - 30,000
Critical high > 1,000,000

9

Serum potassium

3.5-5.3 mEq/L

10

Serum sodium

136-145 mEq/L

11

Serum calcium

8.2 - 10.2 mg/dL
(4.5 - 5.5 mEq/L)

12

Creatinine males / females

M = 0.6 - 1.2 mg/dL
F = 0.5 - 1.1 mg/dL

13

BUN

10 - 20 mg/dL

14

BUN / Creatinine ratio

10:1 - 20:1

15

Platelet count exercise guidelines

< 10,000 usually transferred
<20,000: ADLs, AAROM - AROM (no antigravity/resistive ex. Guard carefully)
20,000 - 30,000: Light ex (no PROM); light AROM; walking as tolerated
30,000 - 50,000: AROM; submax isometrics; stationary bike; walking as tolerated; aquatics; NO prolonged stretches or resistive exercises
50,000 - 150,000: Min-Mod resistive ex; sexual intercourse; MMT w/o restrictions; swimming; low bench stepping; bicycling w/o grade
> 150,000: unrestricted

16

Hemoglobin exercise guidelines

< 8: No exercise (red flag to discuss w/ physician)
8 - 10: Light exercise permitted; no aerobics
10 - 12: Low-impact and low-intensity aerobics (stationary bike), isometrics, and resistive ex permitted

17

Hematocrit exercise guidelines

< 25%: no exercise
> 25%: light ex permitted, progression to resistive exercise when Hct reaches 30%

18

WBC count exercise guidelines

< 5,000 with fever: No exercise permitted
> 5,000: Light exercise permitted w/ progression to resistive ex

19

Glucose: hypoglycemia

< 60 mg/dL, or a sudden drop of elevated levels for individuals w/ diabetes

20

Normal fasting glucose

60 - 110 mg/dL
ACSM values: 60 - 99

21

Glucose: diabetic border

> 126 mg/dL (measured on 2 different days)

22

Glucose: red flag levels

< 70 mg/dL or > 250 mg/dL at the start of exercise
300 - > 350 mg/dL: risk of diabetic ketoacidosis

23

A1C normal reference range

4% - 6%
Goal is to maintain consistent levels below 7% (correlates to average daily level below 170 mg/dL. A1C above 10% require immediate insulin therapy)

24

ABG: pH

acidosis < 7.35 - 7.45 < alkalosis

25

ABG: pCO2

35 - 45 mm Hg

26

ABG: pHCO3

22 - 26 mm Hg

27

ABG: pO2

60 - 100 mm Hg

28

ABG: Panic values
(pH, CO2, O2, HCO3, O2 sat)

pH: < 7.20, or > 7.6
pCO2: < 20 or > 70
pO2: < 40
pHCO3: < 10 or > 40
O2 sat: <60%