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Flashcards in LAM1Exam1 Deck (33):
1

What trailer is preferred by the Horse

Slant Stock

2

At the minimum, what shelter should be provided for horses 

A means to get out of inclement weather. For example a gut with trees for shade or protection from the wind.

3

Some owners feed horses with raised feed racks or nets. When is this management practice contraindicated 

When a horse has a respiratory disease

4

What are the minimum nutritional requirements for a horse

Hay

Salt Block

Water

5

What is the minimum feeding schedule for horses?

Feed and water twice daily

6

How often should horse hooves be trimmed?

6-8 weeks

7

What is the minimum vaccination interval for a horse

Yearly

8

How often should horse teeth be checked

Yearly

9

maximum K in mEq that can be administered

.5 mEq/kg/hr

10

As general guideline, how will K be supplemented to average horse 500 kg

such that if it all went in at once, it would be too much

11

12

What is a gap between teeth called

diastema

13

diastema

a gap between teeth

14

What is the minimum needle for IV injection in horses 

19 G 1.5 inch

15

What is the typical needle for horse

18 G 1.5 inch

16

With a correctly placed needle, what muscle separates the jugular vein from the common carotid artery

Omohyoideus muscle separates the jugular veinand common carotid artery

17

When inserting a needle into the jugular vein a flash should be present without holding off. What are the three causes for no flash unless holding off

needle bevel sucked to side of vessel

outside the vessel

in the vessel wall

18

What is the minimum needle for IM injections in horse

21 G 1.5 inch

19

What is the typical needle for IM injections

18 to 20 G 1.5 inch

20

21 G 1.5 inch is the minimum IM injection needle, when would this needle be used

When injecting into the neck

21

Landmarks for neck injections

Ventral to nuchal ligament

Dorsal to lateral processes

Rostral to leading edge of shoulder

Avoid fascial planes

22

When giving IM injections, when is the needle left on the syringe

neck injections

23

What are the landmarks for injecting into the butt of a horse

One hand below the tuber ischia

One hand above the start of the gastrocnemius tendon

Outside of the thigh

-Avoid fascial planes

24

What is the maximum injection volume per IM site

10- 15 ml neck

15-20 ml semitendinosus/membranous

25

What are the 3 domains of LPS from G - bacteria

Polysaccharide O (outer) region 

-for serology

Core acidic polysaccharide

-connects outer and inner

Lipid A (inner)

-toxic

26

What combination of antibiotics can cause colitis

TMS and ceftiofur 

27

What is the specific location of the lesion causing Cushings 

Pituitary Par intermedia 

28

LPS Binding Protein circulating in the blood binds the antigen. and presents it to a macrophage, where does it bind to the macrophage 

CD 14

29

Which TLR4 activation pathway does LPS/LBP activate

MyD88

30

What stimulates EARLYincrease in arterial pressure during endotoxemia

Thromboxane A

31

What causes amplification of the endotoxin signal late in endotoxemia

TNF, IL1

32

What vasodilatory molecules are produced by endothelium

Prostacycline 

Nitric oxide

33

What antibiotic binds Lipid A, causing a decrease in toxic dose

Polymisin B