Flashcards in Language and the brain Deck (20)
Where is language centralized in the brain?
-90% R handed people
-70% of L handed people
What are the two main areas associated with language?
What is the function of Broca's area?
What is the function of Wernicke's area?
Where is Broca's area located?
L frontal lobe
What happens when Broca's area is damaged?
People can't PRODUCE speech
-words are halted or slurred
What is the name of the disorder when words are halted or slurred and a person can't produce speech?
Broca's Aphasia or Non-Fluent Aphasia
What is aphasia?
Any type of disorder that involves language
Where is Wernicke's area located?
What happens when Wernicke's area is damaged?
A person can speak fine but the words don't make sense
What is it called when a person can speak words fine but nothing that comes out makes sense?
Wernicke's Aphasia or Fluent Aphasia
What is it called when both Broca's aphasia and Wernicke's aphasia are present?
What connects Broca's and Wernicke's areas?
What occurs when the arcuate fasciculus is damaged?
What is conduction aphasia?
A person's ability to conduct information between listening and speaking is disrupted, which makes
them unable to repeat things, even though they
understand what's being said.
What is agraphia?
The inability to write
What is anomia?
The inability to name things.
What is neural plasticity of synaptic plasticity?
The brain's ability to adapt to move functions to new areas.
How does neural plasticity work?
Creates new routes/connections to allow undamaged parts of the brain to take over what the damaged part was previously doing.