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Flashcards in Language and the brain Deck (20)
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1

Where is language centralized in the brain?

Left Hemisphere
-90% R handed people
-70% of L handed people

2

What are the two main areas associated with language?

Broca's Area
Wernicke's Area

3

What is the function of Broca's area?

Speech
Language Expression

4

What is the function of Wernicke's area?

Understanding language

5

Where is Broca's area located?

L frontal lobe

6

What happens when Broca's area is damaged?

People can't PRODUCE speech
-words are halted or slurred

7

What is the name of the disorder when words are halted or slurred and a person can't produce speech?

Broca's Aphasia or Non-Fluent Aphasia

8

What is aphasia?

Any type of disorder that involves language

9

Where is Wernicke's area located?

Temporal lobe

10

What happens when Wernicke's area is damaged?

A person can speak fine but the words don't make sense

11

What is it called when a person can speak words fine but nothing that comes out makes sense?

Wernicke's Aphasia or Fluent Aphasia

12

What is it called when both Broca's aphasia and Wernicke's aphasia are present?

Global Aphasia

13

What connects Broca's and Wernicke's areas?

Arcuate Fasciculus

14

What occurs when the arcuate fasciculus is damaged?

Conduction Aphasia

15

What is conduction aphasia?

A person's ability to conduct information between listening and speaking is disrupted, which makes
them unable to repeat things, even though they
understand what's being said.

16

What is agraphia?

The inability to write

17

What is anomia?

The inability to name things.

18

What is neural plasticity of synaptic plasticity?

The brain's ability to adapt to move functions to new areas.

19

How does neural plasticity work?

Creates new routes/connections to allow undamaged parts of the brain to take over what the damaged part was previously doing.

20

What is a contralateral organization in relation to the brain?

Information you perceive in the L field gets processed by the R side.