Language Of Anatomy 1&2 Flashcards Preview

Anatomy and Physiology > Language Of Anatomy 1&2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Language Of Anatomy 1&2 Deck (64):
0

Axial

Relating to the head, neck, and trunk, the axis of the body

1

Appendicular

Relating to the limbs and their attachments to the axis

2

Abdominal

Pertaining to the anterior body trunk (front of body) inferior (below) to the ribs

3

Acromial

Pertaining to the point of the shoulder

4

Antebrachial

Pertaining to the forearm (radius and ulna bones)

5

Antecubital

Pertaining to the anterior surface of the elbow

6

Axillary

Pertaining to the armpit (axillary lymph nodes)

7

Brachial

Pertaining to the arm

8

Buccal

Pertaining to the cheek (Buccal smear inside of cheek with cotton swab)

9

Carpal

Pertaining to the wrist (carpal tunnel syndrome)

10

Cervical

Pertaining to the neck region

11

Coxal

Pertaining to the hip (coxal bones)

12

Crural

Pertaining to the leg (lower leg between the knee and foot)

13

Digital

Pertaining to the fingers or toes

14

Femoral

Pertaining to the thigh

15

Frontal

Pertaining to the forehead

16

Hallux

Pertaining to the big toe

17

Inguinal

Pertaining to the groin (area where the legs connect to the trunk of the body)

18

Mammary

Pertaining to the breast (mammogram)

19

Mental

Pertaining to the chin

20

Nasal

Pertaining to the nose

21

Oral

Pertaining to the mouth

22

Orbital

Pertaining to the bony eye socket (orbit)

23

Palmar

Pertaining to the palm of the hand (the deep palmar arch is an artery found in the palm of the hand)

24

Patellar

Pertaining to the anterior knee (kneecap) region (dr test patellar reflex by tapping on kneecap with rubber mallet where patellar tendon is)

25

Pedal

Pertaining to the foot (humans are bipedal organisms because they walk on two feet)

26

Pelvic

Pertaining to the pelvis region

27

Fibular/peroneal

Pertaining to the side of the leg (fibula bone in leg is laterally located)

28

Pollex

Pertaining to the thumb (each pollex has only two phalanges while all other fingers have three)

29

Pubic

Pertaining to the genital region (the pubic symphysis is the joint where the two hip bones meet anteriorly (in the front))

30

Sternal

Pertaining to the region of the breastbone

31

Tarsal

Pertaining to the ankle (a persons ankle is made up of 7 tarsal bones)

32

Thoracic

Pertaining to the chest

33

Umbilical

Pertaining to the navel (umbilical cord)

34

Calcaneal

Pertaining to the heel of the foot (one of the 7 tarsal bones that make up ankle)

35

Cephalic

Pertaining to the head (Cephalic presentation is the most common birth position for a baby when the baby is born head first)

36

Dorsum

Pertaining to the back

37

Gluteal

Pertaining to the buttocks or rump (gluteus maximas)

38

Lumbar

Pertaining to the area of the back between the ribs and hips; the loin (a lumbar support is used to support the lower back)

39

Manus

Pertaining to the hand

40

Occipital

Pertaining to the posterior (back) aspect of the head or base of the skull (the occipital lobes in the back of the brain are where visual perception takes place)

41

Olecranal

Pertaining to the elbow

42

Otic

Pertaining to the ear (otitis media is a middle ear infection)

43

Perineal

Pertaining to the region between the anus and external genitalia

44

Plantar

Pertaining to the sole of the foot (plantar warts are caused by a papilloma virus)

45

Popliteal

Pertaining to the back of the knee (leg pit)

46

Sacral

Pertaining to the region between the hips

47

Scapular

Pertaining to scapula or shoulder blade areas (scapulagia means pain in the scapular region)

48

Sural

Pertaining to the calf or posterior surface of the leg (sural nerve is found in this region)

49

Vertebral

Pertaining to the area of the spinal column

50

Superior

Above (superior vena cava carries blood to the hear from areas above the level of the heart)

51

Inferior

Below (inferior vena cava)

52

Anterior

Front (the umbilicus is on the anterior surface of the body)

53

Posterior

Back

54

Medial

Toward the midline (the tibia is medial to the fibula)

55

Lateral

Away from the midline or medial plane (the fibula is lateral to the tibia)

56

Cephalad (cranial)

Toward the head (same meaning as Cephalic)

57

Caudal

Toward the tail

58

Dorsal

Backside (ie. dorsum)

59

Ventral

Belly side

60

Proximal

Nearer to the trunk or attached end (ex: the proximal portion of the trachea is attached to the larynx)

61

Distal

Farther from the trunk or attached end (the distal portion of the trachea is attached to the primary bronchi)

62

Superficial (external)

Toward or at the body surface

63

Deep

Away from the body surface