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Flashcards in Languedoc Deck (19):
1

Crémant de Limoux AOP


Vin Mousseux Blanc
Vin Mousseux Rosé
Encépagement: Max. 90% combined Chardonnay (min. 50%) and Chenin Blanc (10-40%); plus max. 20% combined Mauzac and Pinot Noir (max. 15%)

Minimum Potential Alcohol: 9.5%

Sparkling Wine Requirements:

Traditional Method Secondary Fermentation
The wines must spend a min. 9 months on the lees prior to dégorgement, and may not be released for a min. 12 months after the date of tirage
Min. 3.5 atmospheres of pressure

2

Cabardès AOP?

Rosé:
Principal Varieties: Min. 40% combined Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, and Merlot; min. 40% combined Grenache and Syrah
Accessory Varieties: Cot, Cinsault, and Fer
Rouge: As for rosé

Rosé: 12%
Rouge: 12.5%

3

Clairette du Languedoc AOP?


Blanc: 100% Clairette Blanc
Blanc "Rancio"
Vin de Liqueur Blanc

Minimum Potential Alcohol:

Blanc: 12%
Rancio: 14%
VDL: 21.5% (17% acquired)

Mutage for VDL: Min. 96° neutral alcohol in 5-8% proportion to wine; mutage must be carried out during fermentation (prior to December 31 of the year of harvest)
Élevage: "Rancio" wines may not be released until November 1 of the third year after harvest

4

Corbières AOP?


Blanc:
Principal Varieties: Min. 90% combined Bourboulenc, Grenache Blanc, Marsanne, Macabeu, Roussanne, and Vermentino
Accessory Varieties: Max. 10% combined Clairette, Muscat Blanc à Petits Grains, Piquepoul Blanc, and Terret Blanc

Rosé: Min. 2 varieties.
Principal Varieties: Min. 25% combined Grenache, Lladoner Pelut, Mourvèdre, Piquepoul Noir, and Syrah; max. 75% Cinsault; max. 50% combined Carignan
Accessory Varieties: Max. 50% combined Carignan (principle variety), Terret Noir, and Grenache Gris; max. 10% combined white varieties

Rouge: Min. 2 varieties.
Principal Varieties: Min. 50% combined Grenache, Lladoner Pelut, Mourvèdre, and Syrah; plus Carignan
Accessory Varieties: Max. 50% combined Carignan (principle variety), Piquepoul Noir and Terret Noir; max. 20% Cinsault, max. 10% Grenache Gris

Assemblage:

Blanc: Min. 2 varieties, including at least one of the following: Grenache Blanc, Marsanne, Roussanne, Macabeu, and/or Vermentino. Min. 40% principle varieties.
Rosé/Rouge: Min. 2 varieties (including at least one principal variety), and no single variety may exceed 80% of the blend. Min. 40% principal varieties.

Blanc/Rosé: 11.5%
Rouge: 12%

Maximum Residual Sugar:

Blanc/Rosé: 4 g/l
Rouge: 3 g/l (4 g/l if potential alcohol is greater than 14%)

5

Corbières-Boutenac AOP?


Rouge: Min. 70% combined Grenache, Mourvèdre, and Carignan (30-50% Carignan); plus Syrah

Assemblage: Min. 70% combined Grenache, Mourvèdre, and Carignan. No variety may exceed 80% of the blend.

Minimum Potential Alcohol: 12%

6

Crémant de Limoux AOP?


Vin Mousseux Blanc
Vin Mousseux Rosé
Encépagement: Max. 90% combined Chardonnay (min. 50%) and Chenin Blanc (10-40%); plus max. 20% combined Mauzac and Pinot Noir (max. 15%)

Minimum Potential Alcohol: 9.5%
Minimum Must Weight: 153 g/l
Sparkling Wine Requirements:

Traditional Method Secondary Fermentation
The wines must spend a min. 9 months on the lees prior to dégorgement, and may not be released for a min. 12 months after the date of tirage
Min. 3.5 atmospheres of pressure

Harvest Method: Manual harvesting is mandatory

7

Faugères AOP?


Blanc:
Principal Varieties: 30-70% Roussanne; max. 70% each Grenache Blanc, Marsanne, and Vermentino
Accessory Varieties: Max. 10% combined Clairette and Viognier

Rosé:
Principal Varieties: Min. 50% combined Grenache, Lladoner Pelut (min. 20% Grenache and/or Lladoner Pelut), Mourvèdre (min. 5%), and Syrah (min. 15%)
Complementary Variety: 10-40% Carignan
Accessory Variety: Max. 20% Cinsault

Rouge: As for Rosé

Assemblage:
Blanc: At least two principal varieties (including Roussanne) must be present. Principal varieties account for the majority of the blend.
Rosé/Rouge: At least one principal variety must be present. Min. 50% combined Grenache, Syrah, Mourvèdre, Cinsault, and Carignan. No grape may exceed 80% of the blend.
Minimum Potential Alcohol: 12%

8

Fitou AOP?


Rouge: Min. 60% combined Grenache (min. 20%) and Carignan (min. 20%); min. 10% combined Syrah and Mourvèdre
Lladoner Pelut vines planted prior to 2001 may combine with Grenache and Carignan for a min. 60%

Assemblage: No grape may account for more than 80% of the blend. Grenache and/or Carignan must account for at least 50% of the blend.

Minimum Alcohol: 12%

Principal Soils:

Fitou Maritime: coastal clay and limestone around the saltwater lagoons
Fitou Montagneux: 24km inland, mountainous schist

9

La Clape AOP?


Blanc: Minimum 40% Bourboulenc. Grenache Blanc and Bourboulenc together make up 60% of the vineyard. Other accepted varieties include Clairette Blanc, Marsanne, Piquepoul Blanc, Roussanne, Vermentino, Macabeu Blanc, Terret Blanc, and a maximum 10% Viognier.

Rouge: Min. 70% combined Grenache, Mourvèdre, and Syrah. Grenache must account for at least 20% of the vineyard, and no single variety may make up more than 70%. Maximum 30% combined Carignan and Cinsault.
The above provisions do not apply to growers with less than 1.5 ha, provided the main varieties account for at least 50% of the vineyard.

Assemblage:

Blanc: Minimum 30% Bourboulenc, maximum 10% Viognier. No single variety may account for more than 80% of the blend.
Rouge: Grenache, Mourvèdre, and Syrah must make up the majority of the blend. No single variety may account for more than 70% of the blend.

Minimum Alcohol:

Blanc: 12%
Rouge: 12.5%

10

Malepère AOP?


Rosé: Min. 50% Cabernet Franc, min. 20% combined Cabernet Sauvignon, Cinsault, Cot, Grenache, and Merlot

Rouge: Min. 50% Merlot, min. 20% combined Cabernet Franc and Cot; plus Cinsault, Cabernet Sauvignon, Grenache, and Lladoner Pelut

If planted before 2001, Syrah may be included in the encépagement at a max. 20%

Assemblage:

Rosé: Min. 40% Cabernet Franc, min. 20% combined Cabernet Sauvignon, Cinsault, Cot, Grenache, and Merlot

Rouge: Min. 40% Merlot, min. 20% combined Cabernet Franc and Cot

Minimum Alcohol: 12%

11

Minervois AOP?


Blanc:
Principal Varieties: Min. 80% combined Bourboulenc, Grenache Blanc, Macabeu, Marsanne, Roussanne, and Vermentino
Accessory Varieties: Clairette, Terret Blanc, Piquepoul Blanc, and a max. 10% Muscat à Petits Grains

Rosé:
Principal Varieties: Min. 60% combined Grenache, Lladoner Pelut, Mourvèdre, and Syrah (min. 20% combined Mourvèdre and Syrah)
Accessory Varieties: Cinsault, Carignan; plus a max. 10% combined Terret Noir, Rivairenc, and Piquepoul Noir; and a max. 10% white varieties

Rouge:
Principal Varieties: Min. 60% combined Grenache, Lladoner Pelut, Mourvèdre, and Syrah (min. 20% combined Mourvèdre and Syrah)
Accessory Varieties: Carignan, Cinsault and a max. 10% combined Terret Noir, Piquepoul Noir, and Rivairenc

Assemblage:

Blanc: Min. 80% principal varieties; max. 10% Muscat à Petits Grains
Rosé: Min. 50% combined Grenache, Mourvèdre, Syrah, Cinsault and Carignan; and max. 10% white varieties. No single variety may account for more than 80% of the blend.
Rouge: Min. 2 varieties (at least one principal variety); min. 50% combined Grenache, Mourvèdre, Syrah, Cinsault and Carignan. No single variety may account for more than 80% of the blend.

Minimum Alcohol: 12%

12

Minervois-La Livinière AOP


Rouge:
Principal Varieties: Min. 60% combined Grenache, Lladoner Pelut, Mourvèdre, and Syrah (min. 40% Mourvèdre and Syrah)
Accessory Varieties: Carignan, Cinsault, Terret Noir, Rivairenc, and Piquepoul Noir

Assemblage: At least 2 varieties must be present in the blend. Principal varieties compose at least 40% of the blend. Grenache, Mourvèdre, Syrah, Cinsault and Carignan together compose at least 80% of the blend.

Minimum Potential Alcohol: 12.5%

13

Muscat de Frontignan/Frontignan/Vin de Frontignan AOP?


Vin Doux Naturel Blanc: 100% Muscat à Petits Grains Blanc
Vin de Liqueur Blanc

Minimum Potential Alcohol: 21.5% (15% acquired)
Minimum Must Weight:

VDN: 252 g/l
VDL: 234 g/l

Minimum Residual Sugar:

VDN: 110 g/l
VDL: 185 g/l

Mutage:

VDN: Min. 96° neutral alcohol in 5-10% proportion to wine (occurs during fermentation)
VDL: Min. 96° neutral alcohol in a max. 15% proportion to must (occurs prior to fermentation)

14

Muscat de Lunel AOP?


Vin Doux Naturel Blanc: 100% Muscat à Petits Grains Blanc
Vin Doux Naturel Blanc "Muscat de Nöel": Christmas wines that must be bottled no later than December 1 of the year of harvest

Minimum Potential Alcohol: 21.5% (15% acquired)
Minimum Must Weight: 252 g/l
Minimum Residual Sugar: 110 g/l
Mutage: Min. 96° neutral alcohol in 5-10% proportion to wine

15

Muscat de Mireval AOP?


Vin Doux Naturel Blanc: 100% Muscat à Petits Grains Blanc

Minimum Alcohol: 21.5% (15% actual)
Minimum Must Weight: 252 g/l
Minimum Residual Sugar: 110 g/l
Mutage: Min. 96° neutral alcohol in 5-10% proportion to wine, carried out prior to December 31 of the year of harvest
Additional Requirements: Chaptalization is forbidden

16

Muscat de Saint-Jean-de-Minervois AOP?


Vin Doux Naturel Blanc: 100% Muscat à Petits Grains Blanc
Vin Doux Naturel Blanc "Muscat de Nöel": Christmas wines that must be bottled no later than December 1 of the year of harvest

Minimum Potential Alcohol: 21.5% (15% actual)
Minimum Must Weight: 252 g/l
Enrichment: Chaptalization is prohibited

17

Picpoul de Pinet AOP?

Styles and Encépagement

Blanc: 100% Piquepoul Blanc (Picpoul)

Minimum Potential Alcohol: 12%

18

Saint-Chinian AOP?


Blanc:
Principal Varieties (Max. 70% each): Min. 30% Grenache Blanc, plus Marsanne, Roussanne, and Vermentino
Accessory Varieties: Max. 10% combined Clairette, Carignan Blanc, and Viognier
Macabeu (planted before 1998) and Bourboulenc (planted before 2005) are authorized as accessory varieties
Rosé:
Principal Varieties: Min. 70% Grenache, Lladoner Pelut (min. 20% combined Grenache and Lladoner Pelut), Mourvèdre, and Syrah (min. 20% combined Mourvèdre and Syrah)
Accessory Varieties: Carignan and Cinsault
Rouge: As for Rosé
Saint-Chinian "Berlou" Rouge:
Principal Varieties: Min. 60% combined Grenache (min. 20%), Syrah (min. 20%) and Mourvèdre
Complementary Variety: Min. 30% Carignan
Saint-Chinian "Roquebrun" Rouge:
Principal Varieties: Min. 25% Syrah and min. 20% Grenache (min. 70% combined Syrah, Grenache and Mourvèdre)
Accessory Varieties: Carignan, plus max. 30% Mourvèdre

Assemblage:

Blanc: Min. 2 varieties, and principal varieties must account for the majority of the blend. Grenache Blanc must be present.
Rosé/Rouge: Min. 2 varieties, and principal varieties must account for the majority of the blend.
"Berlou" Rouge: Min. 2 varieties, and principal varieties must account for at least 40% of the blend. Carignan must account for at least 10% of the blend.
"Roquebrun" Rouge: Min. 2 varieties, and principal varieties must account for the majority of the blend.

Minimum Potential Alcohol:

St-Chinian: 12%
St-Chinian (with geographical designation): 12.5%

Minimum Must Weight:

St-Chinian: 198 g/l
St-Chinian (with geographical designation): 207 g/l (214 g/l for "Berlou" Carignan)

Maximum Residual Sugar:

Blanc/Rosé: 4 g/l
Rouge: 3 g/l (4 g/l if potential alcohol is greater than 14%)

Harvest Method: Grapes for "Berlou" and "Roquebrun" must be harvested manually.
Élevage: Berlou and Roquebrun wines may not be released until December 1 of the year following the harvest.
Additional Requirements: Égrappage (destemming) is mandatory for "Berlou" wines

19

Terrasses du Larzac AOP?

Styles and Encépagement:

Rouge: Min. 75% combined Grenache, Mourvèdre, Syrah (min. 20% combined Mourvèdre and Syrah), and Carignan; max. 25% Cinsault; plus a max. 10% combined Counoise, Lledoner Pelut, Morrastel, and Terret Noir. No single variety may exceed 75% of the blend.

Assemblage: The wine must be a blend of at least three varieties, including at least two of the four principal grapes (Grenache, Mourvèdre, Syrah, Carignan). Principal grapes must account for at least 75% of the blend; no single grape may account for more than 70% of the blend. Max. 50% Carignan, max. 25% Cinsault. Max. 10% combined Counoise, Lledoner Pelut, Morrastel, and Terret Noir.
Minimum Potential Alcohol: 12%