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Flashcards in Late Victorian Literature Deck (76):

What did Emile Zola die of

He died on 29 September 1902 of carbon monoxide poisoning caused by an improperly ventilated chimney.


Who said  "Nature, red in tooth and claw"

Alfred, Lord Tennyson


Anna Sewell (1820-1878)

Lived in Norfolk

Her only published work was Black Beauty


From what book is the phrase 'She who must be obeyed' from, and who is She?

She: A History of Adventure by Henry Rider Haggard

The story is a first-person narrative that follows the journey of Horace Holly and his ward Leo Vincey to a lost kingdom in the African interior. There, they encounter a primitive race of natives and a mysterious white queen, Ayesha, who reigns as the all-powerful "She", or "She-who-must-be-obeyed"


Who wrote Ben Hur (1880)

what was the subtitle

Lewis 'Lew' Wallace wrote

Ben-Hur: A Tale of the Christ

'The most influential Christian book of the nineteenth century'

it was the best-selling American novel from the time of its publication, superseding Harriet Beecher Stowe's Uncle Tom's Cabin (1852). It remained at the top until the publication of Margaret Mitchell's Gone with the Wind (1936) - and it was the first novel to blessed by a pope




Carlo Collodi.jpgwho is this

Carlo Lorenzini (penname Carlo Collodi)

From Florence, (1826-1890)

famous for writing The Adventures of Pinocchio


What did Tennyson say of reason

 "Theirs not to reason why, / Theirs but to do and die"


Who provided the inspiration for Henry Rider Haggard's Allan Quartermain

Frederick Courtney Selous (friend of Teddy Roosevelt, and Cecil Rhodes), the famous British white hunter and explorer of Colonial Africa.


Which part of the world is Thomas Hardy associated with, and what did he call his hometown in his books

He is associated with Wessex (albeit Thomas Hardy's definition of Wessex)

His hometown of Dorchester is called Casterbridge in his novels


What was the name of Black Beauties' mother




Between what years was Tennyson poet Laurette, and who came before and after him

From 1850-1892 (when he died)

preceeded by Wordsworth

succeeded by Alfred Austin


In what fictional town is the Adventures of Tom Sawyer and Aventures of Huckleberry Finn set

St Petersburg (inspired by the port town of Hannibal, Missouri where he was living)



Who is the narrator in Black Beauty

The horse (it is a sort of horse autobiography)

the book highlights animal welfare and the need to treat horses better


Name the big three works by Emile Zola


Thérèse Raquin, his first major novel

Les Rougon-Macquart (a set of 20 novels following two branches of a family),

Germinal, the 13th novel of the LRM series above and considered his masterpiece about a coalminers strike in the 1860s


Lewis "Lew" Wallace (1827-1905)

Born and died  in Indiana

Was Governor of New Mexico Territory (1878-1881)



What were the four major works of George Gissing

The Nether World (1889)

New Grub Street (1891)

Born In Exile (1892)

The Odd Women (1893)


From which novel is the quote "Live all you can, it's a mistake not to"

The Ambassadors' by Henry James


Who wrote the open letter J'Accuse and with what was it related

It was a letter written to the L'Aurora newspaper by Emile Zola that accused the President of France, Felix Faure, of anti-Semetism and unlawful jailing of Alfred Dreyfus (what is known as the Dreyfus Affair)

 J'accuse! has since become a common generic expression of outrage and accusation against someone powerful.


What were the four major novels of Boleslaw Prus

The Outpost,

The Doll,

The New Woman

and Pharaoh.


Prus 002.jpgwho is this

Boleslaw Prus (born Alexander Glowacki)


A Polish author, when Poland was under the Russian Empire


Which writer won prizes from the Royal Institute of British Architects and the Architectural Association. He was in charge of the excavation of the graveyard of St Pancras Old Church prior to its destruction when the Midland Railway was extended to a new terminus at St Pancras

Thomas Hardy


Which author is connected to Halley's Comet

Mark Twain was born during a visit by Halley's Comet, and he predicted that he would "go out with it," too. He died the day following the comet's subsequent return.


Robert Louis Stevenson Knox Series.jpgwho is this

Robert Louis Stevenson (1850 - 1894)

Born Edinburgh, died Vailima, Samoa

novellist and travel writer


Henry James.jpgwho is this

Henry James (1843-1916)

Born in New York, died in London (he died as a british citizen and seems to have been fairly transatlantic)

Primarilu known for novels in which he portrays encounters of Americans with Europeans

Also a major contributor to literary criticism


Thomashardy restored.jpgwho is this

Thomas Hardy


Born and Died in Dorchester, Dorset


In 1873 Thomas Hardy wrote 'A Pair of Blue Eyes', a novel drawing on Hardy's courtship of his first wife.

What term did he originate with the serialised version of this story (which was published in Tinsley's Magazine between September 1872 and July 1873)


Henry Knight, one of the protagonists, is left literally hanging off a cliff.


August Strindberg (1849-1912)

Swedish playwright and novellist who was born and died in Stockholm


When did Mark Twain write, 'The Adventures of Tom Sawyer'

What was its sequal and when was that published

The Adventures of Tom Sawyer (1876) and its sequel, Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (1885)


Henryk Sienkiewicz.PNGwho is this

Henryk Adam Aleksander Pius Sienkiewicz (1846-1916)


famous for

"With Fire and Sword", "The Deluge", and "Fire in the Steppe" (The Trilogy) set during the 17th-century Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, while internationally he is best known for Quo Vadis, set in Nero's Rome.

Won the nobel prize in 1905




What is the name of the Mayor of Casterbridge

Michael Henchard


What were the big six works of Henry James

The American
The Turn of the Screw
The Portrait of a Lady
The Wings of the Dove
Daisy Miller
The Ambassadors




What was Henry James's first novel

Watch and Ward (1871) - written whilst travelling through Venice and Paris



What were the two most famous books, and series,  by Henry Rider Haggard

King Soloman's Mines,

Allan Quartermain Series (upon which Indian Jones is based)

She: A History of Adventure



Alfred Lord Tennyson 1869.jpgwho is this

Alfred, Lord Tennyson (1809-1892)

Born in Somersby, Lincolnshire

Died in Lurghashall, Sussex


In what year was Black Beauty published, and who wrote it

Anna Sewell

pub. 1877

Sewell died just five months after its publication



What occupation of Samuel Clemens inspired his pen name

Steamboat Pilot

This occupation gave him his pen name, Mark Twain, from "mark twain," the cry for a measured river depth of two fathoms.



 While training, Samuel convinced his younger brother Henry to work with him. Henry was killed on June 21, 1858, when the steamboat he was working on, the Pennsylvania, exploded.  Twain held himself responsible for his brother's death for the rest of his life


Who wrote The Adventures of Pinocchio

Carlo Collodi (real name Carlo Lorenzini)


ZOLA 1902B.jpgwho is this

Emile Zola (1840-1902)

Lived in Paris



 Helena Bonham Carter received an Academy Award nomination as Best Actress for her memorable portrayal of Kate Croy from which novel

The Wings of a Dove (1902) by Henry James


Name the seven most notable works of Lord Tennyson

"The Charge of the Light Brigade"

"Tears, idle tears"

"Crossing the Bar"

In Memoriam A.H.H.



Idylls of the King (1856-1885) - 12 poems that tell the legend of King Arthur


Who spent a lot of time in Hawaii and became friends with King Kalakaua

R. L. Stevenson


Where is Thomas Hardy buried

His ashes are buried in Poet's Corner in Westminister Abbey, whilst his heart is buried in Stinsford, Dorset in the same grave as his first wife Emma Lavinia Gifford


What was the first major novel of George Meredith

The Ordeal of Richard Feverel

-sometimes called the first modern novel in the English Language


What is the Society of Authors and who was its first president

The Society of Authors (UK) is a trade union for professional writers that was founded in 1884 to protect the rights of writers and fight to retain those rights, with particular attention to copyright protection and, later, the establishment of Public Lending Right.


Its first President was Lord Tennyson


Which two fantasy novels by Wiliam Morris inspired Tolkein

The Well at the World's End

The Wood Beyond the World



Which R.L. Stevenson novel is set around 18th-century Scottish events, notably the "Appin Murder", which occurred near Ballachulish in 1752 in the aftermath of the Jacobite Rising. Many of the characters, and one of the principals, Alan Breck Stewart, were real people.


The story behind Kidnapped also influenced Walter Scott's Guy Mannering

He gave a copy of this book to his friend and frequent visitor Henry James


William Morris age 53.jpgwho is this

William Morris (1834-1896)

Key figure of the Arts and Crafts movement he was also an author and medievalists who helped establish the modern fantasy genre - influencing authors such as Tolkein


George Gissing.jpgwho is this

George Robert Gissing (1857-1903)

Born in Wakefield, Yorkshire

Died in France



who is this, and who painted the picture

Emile Zola by Edouard Manet (1868)


George Meredith by George Frederic Watts.jpgwho is this

George Meredith


Born in Portsmouth, died in Boxhill Surrey



What are the big six works of Thomas Hardy

Far from the Madding Crowd (1874)

The Return of the Native (1878)

The Mayor of Casterbridge (1886)

The Woodlanders (1887)

Tess of the d'Urbervilles (1891) (its subtitle was 'A Pure Woman: Faithfully Presented)

Jude the Obscure (1895)



What is oftern called 'The Great American Novel'

Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (1885)


From what is the name "Ben Hur" derived

What is the book about concisely]

the Hebrew for "Son of white linen"]


The story recounts the adventures of Judah Ben-Hur, a Jewish prince and merchant in Jerusalem at the beginning of the 1st century. Judah's childhood friend Messala returns home as an ambitious commanding officer of the Roman legions. They come to realize that they have changed and hold very different views and aspirations. During a military parade, a tile falls from the roof of Judah's house and barely misses the Roman governor. Although Messala knows that they are not guilty, he condemns the Ben-Hur family. Without trial, Judah is sent to the Roman galleys for life; his mother and sister are imprisoned and all the family property is confiscated.

Through good fortune, Judah survives and returns to Jerusalem, where he seeks revenge against his one-time friend and redemption for his family. Running in parallel with Ben-Hur's narrative is the unfolding story of Jesus,[4] who comes from the same region and is a similar age. The two reflect themes of betrayal, conviction and redemption. With the Crucifixion, Ben-Hur recognizes that the Christ stands for a different goal than revenge, and he becomes Christian, turning to supporting the new religion with money which he has inherited, inspired by love and the talk of keys to a greater kingdom than any on earth.



Twain was obsessed with science and had a famous friend

who was he, and what inventions did Twain patent

He was friends with Nikola Tesla

Twain patented three inventions, including an "Improvement in Adjustable and Detachable Straps for Garments" (to replace suspenders) and a history trivia game.Most commercially successful was a self-pasting scrapbook; a dried adhesive on the pages only needed to be moistened before use.


What were the three most famous works of Robert Louis Stevenson

Treasure Island, Kidnapped, and Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde.


What are the first names of R.L. Stevenson's Jekyll and Hyde and which one was the bad guy

Who is the lawyer who investigates the case

It is about a London lawyer named Gabriel John Utterson who investigates strange occurrences between his old friend, Dr Henry Jekyll and the evil Edward Hyde.


What was the last Thomas Hardy novel

and what was the hero's name

Jude the Obscure, got a battering from the critics, and was frequently called Jude the Obscene, after that he only published poetry

Jude Fawley


The book was burned publicly by William Walsham How, Bishop of Wakefield, in that same year as its publication


Henry Rider Haggard 03.jpgwho is this

Sir Henry Rider Haggard (1856-1925)

typically known as H. Rider Haggard or Rider Haggard

Born in Bradenham, Norfolk, died in London

foudner of the Lost World literary genre (at the lighter end of the spectrum)


Mark Twain, Brady-Handy photo portrait, Feb 7, 1871, cropped.jpgwho is this

Mark Twain


Samuel Langhorne Clemens


Born in Missouri, died in Connecticut


What did Tennyson say of love

"'Tis better to have loved and lost / Than never to have loved at all"


Who wrote 'The Egoist' (1879)

George Meredith


George Grossmith (1847-1912)

Comedian and writer

Famous for The Diary of a Nobody and the character  Charles Pooter


Frances Burnett.jpg

Frances Hodgson Burnett (1849-1924)

Born in Manchester, but lived in America


What were Frances Hodgson Burnett's three big children's books

Little Lord Fauntleroy

A Little Princess

The Secret Garden


What was the name of Thérèse Raquin's:

husband (what was his relation to her)


The book was an example of which literary movement

If you're feeling very brave, who were the other six major charactors


husband: Camille Raquin

Camille's mother was Theresa's aunt (cousins)

lover: Laurent LeClaire [Camille's childhood friend and coworker]

Naturalism (which used detailed realism to suggest that social conditions, heredity and environment had an inescapable force in shaping human character)

Madame Raquin

Michaud – the police commissioner and friend of Madame Raquin
Olivier – Michaud's son who works at the police prefecture
Suzanne – Olivier's Wife
Grivet – an elderly employee of the Orléans Railroad Company, where Camille works
François – the Raquins' cat



Who is A.H.H.

who did it help?

In Tennyson's In Memoriam A.H.H.

the latter refers to Tennyson's beloved Arthur Hallam

Queen Victoria described it has her comfort after the bible after the death of Prince Albert


Mary Augusta Ward00.jpgWhat were her interesting family links?

What was her big novel

Mary Augusta [nee Arnold] Ward (pen name/married name - Mrs Humphry Ward) 1851-1920

born in Australia

Her uncle was Matthew Arnold

and her grandfather Thomas Arnold. the famous headmaster of rugby school

She wrote Robert Elsemere (one of the bestsellers of its age)




What were the big four novels by Mark Twain

The Adventures of Tom Sawyer (1876)
The Prince and the Pauper (1881)
Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (1884)
A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court (1889)


In Tess of the D'Ubervilles

What is her surname

What is her pursuer (what does he do to her and what does she do to him at the end)

What is the name of her lover

What happens to Tess in the end


Alec D'Uberville (he stole the ancestry though) - he rapes Tess early in the book leading to child that dies as a baby. At the end of the book she stabs him to death

Angel Clare (son of calvanist preacher)

Tess is executed for killing Alec




Christina Rossetti

Christina Rossetti (1830-1894)

Poet and sister of Dante Gabriel Rossetti


What nick-names does Long John Silver go by

Barbeque and Sea-Cook


Where does Jude in the Jude the Obscure dream of being a scholar

What is his occupation - in the interim




We is the love of Jude's life

But who does he marry

Who is the love of Jude's lift unfortunate husband

What is the nickname of Jude's first son - what is his finale -what is the immediate knockon consequence for her step mum

Sue Bridehead

Arabella Donn (who seduces and tricks him to marriage, claiming to be pregnant)

Richard Philotson, his former school teacher

Little Father Time - he kills himself and Sue and Jude's children believing that the children are a burden - note reads "Done because we are too many"

Sue soon  after has a miscarriage - believes it is divine judgement and returns to her first husband


What Henrik Ibsen book was turned into an Oscar nominated film in 1975

Who played the lead lady (and what was her name)

What happens to her in the end, and why?

Hedda Gabler

The movie was called 'Hedda'

An the lead lady is Hedda, played by Glenda Jackson

She shoots herself, because she gave her guns to allow someone else to shoot themselves (an academic competitor to her husband.  She also burned his manuscript of his great work)


What is the sad choice at the end of Ibsen's ghosts

To do that, who are?

Female lead?

Sons name?

His lover?

Mrs Alving, the lead character had a terrible philandering husband

She never told her son, George

Eventually, George falls in love with a maid - Regina, but she turns out to be his half sister, and they cannot continue together

Then George finds he has congenital syphilis from his father and is ill

He asks his mother to help with his death if he lapses towards a vegitative state. As he does, she can't find the necessary pills.


Which Norwegian fairy tale did Ibsen believe to be rooted in fact

What play did it lead to?

Who wrote the music to go with it?

What are the two most famous components of this score

Peer Gynt

His play is loosely based on this tale.

Edvard Grieg

In the Hall of the Mountain King

Morning Mood

You'd know both of these very well