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Flashcards in LD 2 Law Deck (22):
1

3 Branches Of Government

executive
judicial
legisilative

2

3 components of the criminal justice system

law enforcement
judicial
corrections

3

CJ system gives law enforcement two extraordinary powers

Power to arrest
power to use deadly force

4

4th Amendment

Freedom from unreasonable searches and seizures

5

5th Amendment

Protection against double jeopardy and self incrimination

6

6th Amendment

Right to a public and speedy trial
unbiased jury
to be told of the charges
to counsel

7

8th Amendment

Freedom from excessive bail and
cruel and unusual punishment

8

14th Amendment

Basic rights and freedoms to all people in the US citizen or not
-Due process

9

7 Primary Goals Of the CJ System

Guarantee due process
Prevent crime
Protect life and liberty
Uphold and enforce the law
Dispense equal justice
Apprehend Offenders
Assure victims rights

10

Federal Agencies

Homeland Security
FBI
DEA
U.S Marshal Service
ICE
Secret Service
Armed forces
US postal inspection
Alcohol, Tobacco, and firearms division

11

State Agencies

CHP
youth and adult correctional agency
Dept of alcoholic beverage control (ABC)
Dept. of fish and game (DOF)
Dep. of forestry and fire protection (F&G)
Dept of Justice (DOJ)
Dep. of Insurance (DOI)
DMV

12

Lower Trial Court

Receive evidence and consider cases involving criminal activity or civil disputes

13

Higher Appellate Courts

Hear appeals from the lower court

14

Judges

Administer justice in a fair and impartial manner by applying the facts of the law

15

Arraignment

Legal procedure where the court informs defendants of the
charges against them
eligibility for bail
their constitutional rights

16

Preliminary Hearing

A screening procedure used in felony cases to determine if there is enough evidence to hold a defendant for trial

17

The objective of the judicial component of the CJ system

providing due process of the law
rendering fair judgement
dispensing just punishment
assuring victims rights

18

4 Objectives of the corrections components of the CJ system

confining prisoners
rehabilitating prisoners
supervising parolees and probationers
assuring victims rights

19

Parole

a conditional release from a state prison which allows an individual to serve the remainder of a sentence
-imposed by an administrative board at a parole hearing

20

Parole Conditions

-Cant travel more than 50 miles from their residence w/o approval
-cant leave the county for more than 48 hours
-72 hours to inform the PO of any changes in employment

21

Probation

a sentencing option for an individual convicted of a criminal offense
-imposed at the courts discretion

22

conditions of probation

may have to
-serve time in jail vs prison
-pay a fine
-participate on work projects
-submit to drug test and warrantless searches