Learning Disability Flashcards Preview

Psychiatry > Learning Disability > Flashcards

Flashcards in Learning Disability Deck (30):
1

Borderline LD

>70

2

Mild LD

50-69

3

Moderate LD

35-49

4

Profound LD

5

How do you calculate IQ?

(Mental age divided by actual age) x100

6

Most common scale used for intelligence? (WAIS)

Wechsler adult intelligence scale

7

Most common severity of LD?

Mild (IQ 50-69)
Mental age 9 to under 12 years

8

Mental age of someone with a borderline LD?

12 to under 15 years

9

Mental age of someone with moderate LD?

6 to under 9 years

10

Mental age of someone with severe LD?

3-6

11

Trisomy 18

Edwardian syndrome

12

Trisomy 13

Patau syndrome

13

5p minus

Cru-du-chat (part of chromosome 5p is missing)

14

Is angelman syndrome maternally or paternally derived?

Maternally

15

Is Prader-Willi maternally or paternally derived?

PATERNALLY

16

Characterised by microcephaly and severe/profound LD

Cri-du-chat

17

This chromosomal condition is associated with Alzheimer's disease

Down syndrome

18

Paroxysms of laugher, ATAXIA
LD

Angelman syndrome

19

Over-eating, self injurious behaviour
LD

Prader Willi syndrome

20

This chromosomal abnormality is associated with an increased risk of schizophrenia

Velo-cardiofacial syndrome

21

Chromosome affected in cri-du-chat

5P

22

Chromosome affected in Prader Willi

15Q

23

Chromosome affected in Angelman syndrome

15Q

24

Chromosome affected in Velo-cardiofacial syndrome

22Q

25

Protein metabolism defect that could cause severe LD

Phenylketonuria

26

Lipid metabolism defect that could cause severe LD

Neurolipidoses

27

Carbohydrate metabolism defect that could cause severe LD

Mucopolysaccharidoses

28

Inheritance of Lesch Nyhan Syndrome

X-linked

29

Rare hereditary disease which affects young boys, usually causing early death. It is marked by compulsive self-mutilation of the hands, together with learning difficulties and involuntary muscular movements

Lesch Nyhan Syndrome

30

Severe LD

20-34