*Lec 1-2 Immunoprophylaxis & Immunotherapy NEW Flashcards Preview

Dental Microbiology > *Lec 1-2 Immunoprophylaxis & Immunotherapy NEW > Flashcards

Flashcards in *Lec 1-2 Immunoprophylaxis & Immunotherapy NEW Deck (22):
1

2 eradicated diseases thanks to vaccines

polio, smallpox

2

most common routes of vaccination

intramuscular, subcutaneous

3

two toxin mediated diseases

tetanus, diptheria

4

immunizing with toxin is dangerous so a blank is made and a blank is required

toxoid, adjuvant

5

substance that facilitates or enhances IR to a coadministered vaccine antigen

adjuvant

6

two types of adjuvants

physical, molecular

7

physical adjuvant has a blank release of antigen and induce blank

sustained, inflammasomes

8

molecular adjuvants induce blank but are often blank products

inflammasomes, bacterial

9

extracellular bacterial infections are highly blank

reactogenic (cause swelling at injection site)

10

extracellular bacterial infections are immunized with blank

killed bacteria

11

intracellular bacterial infections are immunized with blank

live bacteria

12

molecular adjuvants most importantly enhance blank molecules on the APC

co stimulatory 2nd signal

13

viral infections are immunized with blank

inactivated virus, (some can be live attenuated viruses)

14

these are needed to induce extracellular bacterial infection vaccines

bactericidal antibody + complement, opsonizing antibody

15

these are needed to induce intracellular bacterial infection vaccines and viral

cell mediated immunity

16

these are needed to induce viral infection vaccines

neutralizing antibody, cytotoxic t lymphocytes

17

this is a use of vaccine involving repeated immunization with small doses of allergen

allergen desensitization

18

allergic desensitization replaces blank with other less harmful Ab isotypes

IgE

19

these vaccines enhance immunity against existing disease

therapeutic vaccines

20

administration of an agent to induce or modify an immune response or inflammatory process especially to treat an existing disease or condition

immunotherapy

21

immunization that involves preformed antibodies like those passed from mother to fetus

passive immunization

22

immunization that involves vaccines

active immunization