lec 3: hort introduction Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in lec 3: hort introduction Deck (21):
1

hortus

garden

2

cultura

cultivation

3

what is horticulture

- science and arts of cultivating fruits, vegetables and ornamental plants

4

who is theophrastus

"father of botany"

5

who is Andre le Notre

-designed Versailles

6

who is carolus linnaeus

- created binomial nomenclature

7

who is gregor mendel

- studied genetics - pea plants

8

who is Frederick Law Olmsted

- founder or American landscape architecture
-designed central park

9

what is pomology?

study fruit tree

10

what is olericulture

vegetable culture

11

what is included included in ornamental horticulture

- floriculture
-arboriculture
-turfgrass

12

what is taxonomy?

- science of identifying, naming and classifying plants beyond superficial system

13

what is polynomial nomenclature

- many names, latin greek or combinations of both

14

what system does horticulture use for naming?

- binomial nomenclature
-genus and species

15

what provides guidelines for name standardization?

-International Code of Botanical Nomenclature

16

what are 2 division of kingdom plantae

1. bryophytes (non vasuclar plants) --> mosses ect
2. vascular plants (80%) ( 3 primary vegetative organs, conducting tissue, flower or non flowering)

17

variety vs cultivar

variety: naturally occuring variant of species
cultivar: human created cultivated variety

18

what plants are fabaceae

- legumes; 2 winged petals ie orchid

19

what plants are in Poaceae

- grass

20

what plants are Solanaceae

-nightshade, corolla ie petunias

21

what plants are asteraceae

- compact inflorescence with numerous tiny flowers