Lec 5 - Chart Entries and Diet/Dental Caries Flashcards Preview

Direct Restorations > Lec 5 - Chart Entries and Diet/Dental Caries > Flashcards

Flashcards in Lec 5 - Chart Entries and Diet/Dental Caries Deck (25):
1

cell surface molecules of S. mutans

adhesin

2

polysaccharide part of S. mutans

glucans

3

s mutans have a high blank tolerance

acid

4

pH below blank starts demineralizing

5.5

5

cariogenic foods

bread, crackers, cereal, candy, cakes, sweets

6

noncariogenic foods

milk, cheese, fruits, vegetables, xylitol

7

favorite food of s mutans

monosaccharide carbs (glucose, fructose, galactose, ribose

8

sucrose, lactose, maltose are blank

disaccharides

9

disaccharides and monosaccharides are blank

soluble

10

carb with 3-10 monosaccharides

oligosaccharides

11

carbs that are long chains of monosaccharides like starch and cellulose

polysaccharides

12

rice, potatoes, and bread that are cooked are blank cariogenic

low

13

uncooked starch is blank cariogenic

low

14

finely ground or heat treated starch are blank cariogenic

more

15

all common mono, di, poly can be blank by oral bacteria

fermented

16

most cariogenic sugar of all

sucrose

17

sucrose is not only a substrate for acids but is also a substrate to produce blank

biofilm

18

fluoride binds to enamel crystal surface and transforms hydroxyapatite to more stable blank crystals

fluorapatite

19

fluroide causes blank of porous lesion and creates blank

remineralization, fluorapatite crystals

20

fluoride affects blank because it inhibits bacterial metabolism of sugar

plaque

21

this is a sugar alcohol that is used as a sweetener but cannot be fermented by cariogenic bacteria

sorbitol

22

another sugar alcohol that is non cariogenic but also degrades s mutans

xylitol

23

least acidogenic or cariogenic sugar

lactose

24

the blank in milk also helps in remineralizaiton

calcium

25

another part of dairy products that is anticariogenic

casein