Lect. 1: Normality v. Abnormality and Mental Illness Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lect. 1: Normality v. Abnormality and Mental Illness Deck (36):
1

What is the WHO definition for Normalcy?

A state of complete physical, mental and social well-being

2

What is the DSM IV-TR definition for Abnormality?

A behavioral or psychological syndrome or pattern associated w/ distress, risk for pain, disability, or an important loss of freedom

3

What are the 4 functional perspectives of Normality according to Offer and Sabshin?

1. Health
2. Utopia
3. Average
4. A process

4

What is the prevalence of Anxiety Disorder?

28.8%

5

What is the prevalence of Mood Disorder?

20.8%

6

What is the prevalence of Impulse Control Disorder?

24.8%

7

What is the prevalence of Substance Use Disorder?

14.6%

8

What is Psychosis and what psychotic disorder do we spend the most money on?

Grossly impaired reality testing.

Schizophrenia — >70%

9

What is Neurosis?

! Term is no longer used !

Chronic anxiety and distress

10

What is Horney's Basic Assumption?

Social and cultural conditions, especially during childhood, are primarily influences on later personality

—Neurosis stems from childhood traumas
—Kids who don't get genuine love feel threatened and adopt rigid behavioral patterns to try to gain love
—Modern culture is too competitive and leads to hostility, isolation and an overvaluing of love

11

What is "Co-Dependency"?

Excessive emotional or psychological dependence on a partner who requires support due to an illness or addiciton

12

What is "Hypercompetitiveness"?

Used to describe psychodynamics of anorexia nervosa and bulimia

13

Which DSM edition was revolutionary in that it was the first to employ a multi-axial system and expanded the # of mental disorders?

DSM III (1980)

14

Homosexuality was considered to be abnormal until which publication of which DSM edition?

The 7th publication of DSM II

15

What are Freud's 3 Components of Personality?

1. Id
2. Ego
3.Superego

16

What is the "Id"?

"Pleasure Principle"—All about me

Ones base impulses, libido, thanatos, bodily needs

17

What is the "Ego"?

"Reality Principle"

Social self, cultured self, protective self

18

What is the "Superego"?

"Perfection Principle"

Conscience, incorporation of parental values, moral self

19

What are examples of Immature Defenses?

Acting out, blocking, passive aggression, somatization

20

What are examples of Narcissistic Defenses?

Denial, distortion

21

What are examples of Neurotic Defenses?

Controlling, reaction formation, repression

22

What are examples of Mature Defenses?

Humor, sublimation, suppression, altruism, anticipation, asceticism

23

What is projection?

Defending oneself against unpleasant impulses by denying their existence within oneself and attributing them to others

24

What is hypochondriasis?

Abnormal anxiety about ones health. An unwarranted fear that one has a serious disease

25

What is introjection?

The unconscious adoption of the ideas or attributes of others

26

What is regression?

Reversion of the ego to an earlier stage of development rather than handling unacceptable impulses in an adult way

27

What is schizoid fantasy?

Retreating into autistic fantasy (daydreaming, eccentric speech) as a defense mechanism for avoiding intimacy

28

What is displacement?

Taking out frustrations on people or objects that are less threatening

29

What is externalization?

Symptoms or behaviors are directed outwards toward others (i.e. aggression, angry outbursts, law-breaking, hyperactivity)

30

What is inhibition?

Conscious or unconscious constraints of a behavior, especially of impulses or desires

31

What is intellectualization?

Reasoning is used to block confrontation with an unconscious conflict and its associated emotional stress where thinking is used to avoid feeling

32

What is dissociation?

Mild detachment from immediate surroundings

33

What is repression?

Unconscious movement of painful or difficult memories out of consciousness

34

What is suppression?

Conscious exclusion of painful or difficult memories out of consciousness

35

What is asceticism?

Severe self discipline and avoidance of all forms of indulgence

36

What are Erikson's 8 Stages of Man?

1. Trust v Mistrust 0-1 (Freud—Oral)
2. Autonomy v shame 1-3 (Freud—Anal)
3. Initiative v guilt 3-6 (Freud—Phallic)
4. Industry v inferiority 6-12 (Freud—Latency)
5. Identity v role confusion 12-19 (Freud—Genital)
6. Intimacy v isolation 20-25
7. Generativity v stagnation 26-64
8. Integrity v despair 65-death