Flashcards in Lect. 1: Normality v. Abnormality and Mental Illness Deck (36):
What is the WHO definition for Normalcy?
A state of complete physical, mental and social well-being
What is the DSM IV-TR definition for Abnormality?
A behavioral or psychological syndrome or pattern associated w/ distress, risk for pain, disability, or an important loss of freedom
What are the 4 functional perspectives of Normality according to Offer and Sabshin?
4. A process
What is the prevalence of Anxiety Disorder?
What is the prevalence of Mood Disorder?
What is the prevalence of Impulse Control Disorder?
What is the prevalence of Substance Use Disorder?
What is Psychosis and what psychotic disorder do we spend the most money on?
Grossly impaired reality testing.
Schizophrenia — >70%
What is Neurosis?
! Term is no longer used !
Chronic anxiety and distress
What is Horney's Basic Assumption?
Social and cultural conditions, especially during childhood, are primarily influences on later personality
—Neurosis stems from childhood traumas
—Kids who don't get genuine love feel threatened and adopt rigid behavioral patterns to try to gain love
—Modern culture is too competitive and leads to hostility, isolation and an overvaluing of love
What is "Co-Dependency"?
Excessive emotional or psychological dependence on a partner who requires support due to an illness or addiciton
What is "Hypercompetitiveness"?
Used to describe psychodynamics of anorexia nervosa and bulimia
Which DSM edition was revolutionary in that it was the first to employ a multi-axial system and expanded the # of mental disorders?
DSM III (1980)
Homosexuality was considered to be abnormal until which publication of which DSM edition?
The 7th publication of DSM II
What are Freud's 3 Components of Personality?
What is the "Id"?
"Pleasure Principle"—All about me
Ones base impulses, libido, thanatos, bodily needs
What is the "Ego"?
Social self, cultured self, protective self
What is the "Superego"?
Conscience, incorporation of parental values, moral self
What are examples of Immature Defenses?
Acting out, blocking, passive aggression, somatization
What are examples of Narcissistic Defenses?
What are examples of Neurotic Defenses?
Controlling, reaction formation, repression
What are examples of Mature Defenses?
Humor, sublimation, suppression, altruism, anticipation, asceticism
What is projection?
Defending oneself against unpleasant impulses by denying their existence within oneself and attributing them to others
What is hypochondriasis?
Abnormal anxiety about ones health. An unwarranted fear that one has a serious disease
What is introjection?
The unconscious adoption of the ideas or attributes of others
What is regression?
Reversion of the ego to an earlier stage of development rather than handling unacceptable impulses in an adult way
What is schizoid fantasy?
Retreating into autistic fantasy (daydreaming, eccentric speech) as a defense mechanism for avoiding intimacy
What is displacement?
Taking out frustrations on people or objects that are less threatening
What is externalization?
Symptoms or behaviors are directed outwards toward others (i.e. aggression, angry outbursts, law-breaking, hyperactivity)
What is inhibition?
Conscious or unconscious constraints of a behavior, especially of impulses or desires
What is intellectualization?
Reasoning is used to block confrontation with an unconscious conflict and its associated emotional stress where thinking is used to avoid feeling
What is dissociation?
Mild detachment from immediate surroundings
What is repression?
Unconscious movement of painful or difficult memories out of consciousness
What is suppression?
Conscious exclusion of painful or difficult memories out of consciousness
What is asceticism?
Severe self discipline and avoidance of all forms of indulgence