Flashcards in Lecture 10.2 Deck (23):
What kind of joint is the distal tibiofibular joint?
Where is synovial fluid produced?
what kind of bone is the patella?
What are the 3 divisions of the os coxa?
What is the shape of the union between the 3 bony parts of the pelvis?
y shaped union between the 3 parts of the os coxa
What happens to the femur after 3 years of postnatal growth?
after 3 years of post natal life the trochaters become discrete entities of the femur
In what directions do segments of the femur grow during secondary growth?
Head of femur expands and bar of bone of the neck expands until the bones eventually fuse
What is the alignment of the femur with the pelvis that indicates a healthy femur?
a romanesque arch completed by the superior pubic ramus from the shaft and neck of the femur
What is a conservative treatment method for congenital hip dislocation?
Von Rosen Splint
pavlic harness (popular in melbourne)
What is the non-conservative surgical method of treating congenital hip doslocation?
What are the complications of Legg-Calve-Perthe's disease
Legg-Calve-Perthe's disease is an idiopathic condition that comes in 4 stages in young kids who have a loss of nutrition to the femoral head
What is the conservative measures of treating Legg-Calve-Perthe's disease?
Using a ischial weightbearing caliper
What is the condition by which the femoral neck slips away from the head?
Slipped capital femoral epiphysis
What are the risks of a slipped capital femoral epiphysis?
Twisting of the branches of the medial and lateral circumflex arteries to the femoral neck and head
How is a slipped capital femoral epiphysis treated?
Using Knowles' pins
What are the clear symptoms of a fractured neck of femur?
shrunken leg and laterally rotated leg
How is the prosthesis stuck into the bone?
cement is used for total hip replacement
What is hip resurfacing?
Hip resurfacing is the replacement of the femoral head only rather than a total hip replacement
How is genu rvarum and valgum during growth treated?
Using a staple which slows down the growth of one side
What is the name of the test for ACL and PCL injury?
What is a bucket handle tear?
Bucket handle tear occurs when the medial meniscus tears and is suspended into the knee joint
What results from excessive lateral facing of the hallux?
Hallux valgus (a bunyun)