Lecture 10.2 Flashcards Preview

Anatomy: Human Locomotor Systems > Lecture 10.2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Lecture 10.2 Deck (23):
1

What kind of joint is the distal tibiofibular joint?

fibrous joint

2

Where is synovial fluid produced?

synovial membrane

3

what kind of bone is the patella?

Sesamoid bone

4

What are the 3 divisions of the os coxa?

ilium
ischium
pubis

5

What is the shape of the union between the 3 bony parts of the pelvis?

y shaped union between the 3 parts of the os coxa

6

What happens to the femur after 3 years of postnatal growth?

after 3 years of post natal life the trochaters become discrete entities of the femur

7

In what directions do segments of the femur grow during secondary growth?

Head of femur expands and bar of bone of the neck expands until the bones eventually fuse

8

What is the alignment of the femur with the pelvis that indicates a healthy femur?

a romanesque arch completed by the superior pubic ramus from the shaft and neck of the femur

9

What is a conservative treatment method for congenital hip dislocation?

Von Rosen Splint
pavlic harness (popular in melbourne)

10

What is the non-conservative surgical method of treating congenital hip doslocation?

Femoral osteotomy

11

What are the complications of Legg-Calve-Perthe's disease

Legg-Calve-Perthe's disease is an idiopathic condition that comes in 4 stages in young kids who have a loss of nutrition to the femoral head

12

What is the conservative measures of treating Legg-Calve-Perthe's disease?

Using a ischial weightbearing caliper

13

What is the condition by which the femoral neck slips away from the head?

Slipped capital femoral epiphysis

14

What are the risks of a slipped capital femoral epiphysis?

Twisting of the branches of the medial and lateral circumflex arteries to the femoral neck and head

15

How is a slipped capital femoral epiphysis treated?

Using Knowles' pins

16

What are the clear symptoms of a fractured neck of femur?

shrunken leg and laterally rotated leg

17

How is the prosthesis stuck into the bone?

cement is used for total hip replacement

18

What is hip resurfacing?

Hip resurfacing is the replacement of the femoral head only rather than a total hip replacement

19

How is genu rvarum and valgum during growth treated?

Using a staple which slows down the growth of one side

20

What is the name of the test for ACL and PCL injury?

Lachmann test

21

What is a bucket handle tear?

Bucket handle tear occurs when the medial meniscus tears and is suspended into the knee joint

22

What results from excessive lateral facing of the hallux?

Hallux valgus (a bunyun)

23

What ligament is typically injured with a sprained ankle?

the anterior talofibular ligament