Lecture 12: Comparative cognition Flashcards Preview

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What is the null hypothesis of intelligence testing across species? How might this apply to people?

difference in intellectual capacity; complexity from simple process


You can't know why there are differences between species in tests. This might be the same as humans (eg type of test)


What is Morgan’s Canon, and how does it apply to the study of cognition?

Keep it simple! Be careful of inferring cognition, but also refer to known cognition.
don't make something complicated when there can be a simple answer (prevailing winds); sometimes generations later- how can they fly someplace that they have never seen/been before?- genetic component, weather, natural instinct

One version of Parsimony's Law, known as ___ ___, holds that it is preferable to interpret animal behavior in therms of lower, more primitive processes, such as reflex or habit, than higher, more mentalistic processes, such as reasoning.


How can simple instrumental learning processes
explain apparently complex problem solving?

Training exercises -> can use training for (first time) problem solving.


How does the marking test test self-recognition in
a mirror?

They know it's not another subject, but it's themselves.


What is the false belief test, and how does it test
a Theory of Mind?

False belief test: sees the world the same way; no difference what you and i think. naive and innocent view of the world.

this test is evidence of innate brain circuits specialezed for reading other people's minds - theory of mind mechanism.

4 years old - develops theory of mind

theory of mind:ability to appreciate somebody's point of view