Lecture 12: Comparative cognition Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lecture 12: Comparative cognition Deck (5)
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1

What is the null hypothesis of intelligence testing across species? How might this apply to people?

difference in intellectual capacity; complexity from simple process

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You can't know why there are differences between species in tests. This might be the same as humans (eg type of test)

2

What is Morgan’s Canon, and how does it apply to the study of cognition?

Keep it simple! Be careful of inferring cognition, but also refer to known cognition.
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don't make something complicated when there can be a simple answer (prevailing winds); sometimes generations later- how can they fly someplace that they have never seen/been before?- genetic component, weather, natural instinct

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One version of Parsimony's Law, known as ___ ___, holds that it is preferable to interpret animal behavior in therms of lower, more primitive processes, such as reflex or habit, than higher, more mentalistic processes, such as reasoning.

3

How can simple instrumental learning processes
explain apparently complex problem solving?

Training exercises -> can use training for (first time) problem solving.

4

How does the marking test test self-recognition in
a mirror?

They know it's not another subject, but it's themselves.

5

What is the false belief test, and how does it test
a Theory of Mind?

False belief test: sees the world the same way; no difference what you and i think. naive and innocent view of the world.

this test is evidence of innate brain circuits specialezed for reading other people's minds - theory of mind mechanism.

4 years old - develops theory of mind

theory of mind:ability to appreciate somebody's point of view