Lecture 12 - Treatment and Prevention of Delinquency and Aggression (ch.9) Flashcards Preview

PSYC 425 - Developmental Psychopathology > Lecture 12 - Treatment and Prevention of Delinquency and Aggression (ch.9) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Lecture 12 - Treatment and Prevention of Delinquency and Aggression (ch.9) Deck (10):
1

Attributional bias

aggressive children are more likely to attribute hostile intent to ambiguous social situations

2

Basics idea about treatment of antisocial behavior

No simple treatment
The most important principle: the earlier the better
Many techniques used

3

Techniques used to treat antisocial behaviour

Parent training program
Family therapy
Cognitive problem-solving skills training

4

Best treatment for antisocial behaviour

usually involves comprehensive programs
Multisystemictreatment: a focus on children, family, peers, community, and school.

5

Common features of parent training programs

- Teach parent to alter interaction with children to increase prosocial behaviour + decrease deviant behaviour
- Kid brought in also sometimes to train them on how to interact with each other

6

Features of cognitive problem-solving skills training

- Change child's approach to problem solving/ interpersonal issues
- Prosocial behaviours are fostered
- Teach cognitive problem solving skills

7

Why does some treatment actually make delinquency worse?

Deviancy training: the reinforcement of negative or delinquent behaviors by deviant peers

* Basically - if you put a bunch of bad kids together, they'll form groups and do bad things together*

8

Why are randomized control trials important?

Test the efficacy of well-intentioned interventions-they can be harmful.

9

Explain the example study done to highlight prevention of ASB.

**Mauritius**

- Mauritius
- 100 kids given enrichment (nursery program, improved education, nutrition, physical exercise, lower teacher pupil ratio) from ages 3-5 AND 355 control
- Checked participants at 17-23 y.o
- Some participants were malnourished**

RESULTS
- The program was most effective in those at highest risk (i.e. malnourished)-this is general principle observed in studies of enrichment.

CAUTION
- we can't tell what part about enrichment was actually helpful.

10

Dodge et al. 2005 (READING 6)
Explain the Fast Track Program results and study

-Targeted high risk 5 year olds
- Program focused on maintaining treatment effects, which tend to decline over time
- Intervention was comprehensive and continuous(grade 1 to 10), and aimed at improving social-cognitive competencies
- It included
• Family-based interventions
• Peer social skills groups
• Parent behavior management training with home visits
• Individualized interventions (high school)
• Class-based social-cognitive skills development curriculum
• Professional tutoring
• Vocational counselling and summer employment (high school)
- Checked outcome 8 years after program ended

RESULTS
- rates of antisocial personality disorder lowered
- Lower violent and drug-related crime
- Less risky sexual behavior
- Higher well being
- No effect on general health, employment or, educational attainment.