Lecture 13 - Mycology Flashcards Preview

Bacteriology > Lecture 13 - Mycology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Lecture 13 - Mycology Deck (29):
1

Fungi Imperfecti is another name for

Anamorphic fungi

2

How does the mushroom fairy ring form?

A mushroom explodes on a still night and spores land around in a perfect circle

3

Which is more safe: yeast or mold

Yeast

4

Which grows more quickly: yeast or mold

Mold

5

How do molds grow?

The grow in tubes called Hypha which grow outwards and create hazardous spores

6

Where do spores originate from?

The mycelium of molds

7

Most common yeast infector?

Candida albicans

8

Where is Candida albicans found?

Normally in vagina bowel or skin

9

What can Candida albicans cause?

Diaper rash, UTI, skin irritation

10

Where does thrush infect?

The mouth

11

Where does cryptococcus neoformans come from?

Bird poo

12

How do we diagnose cryptococcus neoformans?

By taking a culture

13

What are the 4 methods to ID holds?

Growth rate in a culture
Presence of a yeast phase
Colonial and microscopic morpholgy
Biochemical testing

14

What do Hyaline hyphae look like

Glass with little dividers called septa

15

What do hyaline holds look like

Grey fuzzy colonies

16

Types of dermatophytes

Trichophyton spp.
Microsporum spp.
Epidermophyton floccosum

17

Common name for tenia pedis

Athletes foot

18

Common name for tenia carpers

Ringworm

19

What does kerion look like?

A weeping mass of mycelium on the scalp

20

What do dematiaceous hyphae look like

Brown and earthy

21

How are dimorphic fungi unique?

The can grow as both yeast or mold

22

How are dimorphic fungi contracted?

By inhalation of spores

23

What to dimorphic fungi causes

Systemic mycoses

24

Histoplasma capsulatum is deadly because it can cause

The formation of yeast cells in the blood

25

Blastomyces dermatitidis can infect

Skin, bone and GI tract

26

How does a blastomyces dermatitis infection come from

Wood slivers or dog bites

27

What is the most dangerous infecting fungi

Cocadioides immitis

28

How is cocadioides immitis so deadly?

Can be inhaled, destroy bone and cause meningitis

29

Common name for sporothrix schenckii

Rose throw infection