Lecture #16 Blood Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lecture #16 Blood Deck (21):
1

What is the life span of a typical erythrocyte?

120 days

2

What is the main stimulus for erythropoiesis?

Erythropoiesis is the synthesis of new red blood cells and hypoxia (O2 deficiency) stimulates this process.

3

What type of cell makes up 60 to 70% of leukocytes, has 2 to 5 lobes, and has a life span of 3 to 5 days?

A. Basophils
B. Eosinophils
C. Neutrophils
D. Lymphocytes
E. Monocytes
F. Thrombocytes
G. Keratinocytes
H. Melanocytes
I. Lymphocyte
J. Langerhans Cell
K. Plasma Cell
L. Macrophage
M. Mast Cell
N. Fibroblast

C. Neutrophils

4

Which cell type responds quickest to bacterial infection?

A. Basophils
B. Eosinophils
C. Neutrophils
D. Lymphocytes
E. Monocytes
F. Thrombocytes
G. Keratinocytes
H. Melanocytes
I. Lymphocyte
J. Langerhans Cell
K. Plasma Cell
L. Macrophage
M. Mast Cell
N. Fibroblast

C. Neutrophils

5

Which type of cell makes up 2 to 4 % of the circulating leukocytes, has a bilobed nucleus, and a life span of approximately 10 to 12 days?

A. Basophils
B. Eosinophils
C. Neutrophils
D. Lymphocytes
E. Monocytes
F. Thrombocytes
G. Keratinocytes
H. Melanocytes
I. Lymphocyte
J. Langerhans Cell
K. Plasma Cell
L. Macrophage
M. Mast Cell
N. Fibroblast

B. Eosinophil

6

Which type of cell has specific granules that contain major basic protein?

A. Basophils
B. Eosinophils
C. Neutrophils
D. Lymphocytes
E. Monocytes
F. Thrombocytes
G. Keratinocytes
H. Melanocytes
I. Lymphocyte
J. Langerhans Cell
K. Plasma Cell
L. Macrophage
M. Mast Cell
N. Fibroblast

B. Eosinophils

7

Which type of leukocyte is involved in fighting parasitic infection?

Eosinophil

8

Which type of leukocyte is involved in slowing dow inflammation caused by basophils by producing histaminase?

A. Basophils
B. Eosinophils
C. Neutrophils
D. Lymphocytes
E. Monocytes
F. Plasma Cell
G. Macrophage
H. Mast Cell

B. Eosinophils

9

Which type of leukocyte is involved involved in allergic reactions?

Basophils

10

Which type of cell has a life span of 8 - 12 days, has an irregular s-shaped, bilobed nuclei and stains blue/black or purple with basic dyes.

A. Basophils
B. Eosinophils
C. Neutrophils
D. Lymphocytes
E. Monocytes
F. Plasma Cell
G. Macrophage
H. Mast Cell

A. Basophils

11

Which type of cell functions in the production of histamine and heparin?

A. Basophils
B. Eosinophils
C. Neutrophils
D. Lymphocytes
E. Monocytes
F. Plasma Cell
G. Macrophage
H. Mast Cell

A. Basophils

Histamine: Vasodilator
Heparin: Anticoagulant

12

Which type of lymphocyte differentiate in the thymus?

T Cells

13

Which type of lymphocyte has cell mediated immunity?

T Cells

14

Which type of lymphocyte attacks viruses, fungi, cancer cells and transplanted organs directly?

T Cells

15

Which type of lymphocyte differentiate in the bone marrow?

B Cells

16

Which type of lymphocyte has humeral immunity?

B Cells

17

Which type of lymphocyte differentiate into plasma cells which produce antibodies to destroy bacteria and their toxins?

B Cells

18

Which type of lymphocyte is programmed during development?

Natural Killer Cells

19

Which type of cell differentiate into macrophages?

A. Basophils
B. Eosinophils
C. Neutrophils
D. Lymphocytes
E. Monocytes
F. Plasma Cell
G. Macrophage
H. Mast Cell

E. Monocytes

20

This wandering leukocyte roams tissues and gathers at sites of infection.

A. Basophils
B. Eosinophils
C. Neutrophils
D. Lymphocytes
E. Monocytes
F. Plasma Cell
G. Macrophage
H. Mast Cell

E. Monocytes

21

This type leukocyte arrives late in inflammatory response but comes in great numbers.

A. Basophils
B. Eosinophils
C. Neutrophils
D. Lymphocytes
E. Monocytes
F. Plasma Cell
G. Macrophage
H. Mast Cell

E. Monocytes