Lecture 24 Flashcards Preview

Anatomy Exam IV > Lecture 24 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Lecture 24 Deck (17):
1

Label Structures

Q image thumb

A. Oral Portion

B. Dorsum

C. Base

D. Pharyngeal Portion

E. Root

F. Inferior Surface

G. Tip 

2

Label Structures of the Tongue

Q image thumb

A. Front

B. Blade

C. Tip 

D. Back 

3

Label Tongue Structures

Q image thumb

A. Posterior Faucial Pillar

B. Valleculae

C. Epiglottis

D. Pharyngeal Surface

E. Palatine Tonsil

F. Anterior Faucial Pillar

G. Lingual Tonsil

H. Foramen Cecum

I. Terminal Sulcus

J. Vallate Papillae

K. Central Sulcus

L. Blade

4

Label Tongue Structures

Q image thumb

A. Lingual Fenulum

B. Sublingual Fold

5

What muscles elevate the tip of the tongue? 

Superior Longitudinals

6

What muscles depress the tip of the tongue? 

inferior longitudinals 

7

What muscles of the tongue flatten/widen the tongue? 

Verticalis Muscles

8

What tongue muscles point the tongue? 

Transversus Muscles

9

What muscles of the tongue protrude the tongue? 

Genioglossus, posterior fibers

10

What muscles of the tongue retract the tongue? 

Genioglossus, anterior fibers (these retract into the oral cavity), superior and inferior longitudinals (shortens the dorsum of the tongue), Styloglossus (retration into the pharyngeal cavity) 

11

What muscles elevate the posterior tongue? 

palatoglossus and the styloglossus (this retracts too) 

12

What muscles of the tongue depress the tongue body? 

Midline of tongue: genioglossus

Back and sides of tongue: hyoglossus

13

What muscles forma groove in the tongue? 

Depress midline of tongue: Genioglossus (All) 

Depression of the Body: Verticalis

Elevates sides of the tongue: superior longitudinals 

 

14

What muscles are used to make the /i/ sound? 

Posterior Genioglossus: moving front of tongue forward

Inferior Longitudinals: pulling down the tongue tip

 

15

What muscles are used to make the /u/ sound? 

Palatoglossus and maybe styloglossus: elevates the back of the tongue

Styloglossus retracts the tongue 

16

What muscles are used to produce the /t/ and /d/ sound? 

Superior Longitudinal: elevates the tongue tip

Genioglossus: move the tongue forward

17

What muscles are used to make the sounds /k/ and /g/

palatoglossus- making back of the tongue go up and comes in contact with velum ( soft palate) 

Styloglossus: helper