Lecture 3 Flashcards Preview

Nutrition > Lecture 3 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Lecture 3 Deck (40):
1

How does the tube develop

Diverticula

Some become organs and others are left as small pockets

2

Does the thoracic tube develop the same time as the thoracic gut

Yes

3

Which part grows very fast

Abdominal guy

4

What is it meant by continuity

All elements are connected, change affects neighbouring structures

5

What is the largest gland

Liver

6

Where does the liver get dragged too

Right while the stomach is pushed to the left

7

What is linked with the central mesentary

Falciform ligament and lesser omentum

8

What is linke with the dorsal mesentary

Greater omentum

9

What is the lesser omentum

Sheet of tissue between liver and lesser curvature of the stomach

10

What omentum is on the lesser curvature

Lesser omentum

11

What omentum goes on the greater curvature

Greater omentum

12

When the stomach develops what way does the dorsal surface face

Left

13

Does the central or dorsal surface of the stomach grow fastest

Dorsal as it creates a curve

14

What paired nerves follow the gut tube

Vagus nerve

15

What does the left vagus nerve become

Anterior cavalry trunk

16

What does the right vagus nerve become

Posterior vagus trunk

17

What drapes over the abdominal contents

Dorsal mesentary

18

What does the greater omentum contain

Lymph tissue and stored fat

19

The pancreas is an outgrowth of

Duodenum

20

How does the pancreas develop

Begins as dorsal and central lobe

Ventral lobe is dragged right

Adheres to dorsal lobe

21

Pancreas

Which of the head and tail become dorsal and ventral

Ventral head
Dorsal tail

22

What is the hole behind the lesser omentum

Epiploic foramen

23

What part of the guy herniated

Mid and hindgut

24

When do the midgut and hindgut get repacked

When abdomen volume increases

25

What loop frowns and rotates 90 degrees anti-clockwise

Primary loop

26

How many degrees does the primary loop rotate and in what direction

90 degrees anti-clockwise

27

What does the primary loop wrap around

Superior mesenteric artery

28

What form on the caudal limb

Cecal bud

29

On retraction the primary loop rotates how much more

180 degrees anti-clockwise

30

What limb cranial or caudal retracts first

Cranial (small intestine)

31

What gets stuck on retraction

Cecal bud

32

What is considered to be the caudal limb

Ileum
Caecum
Appendix
Ascending colon
1st 2/3 transverse colon

33

What lies behind the transverse colon

Duodenum

34

What sit beneath the liver

Ve in and ascending colon

35

What is retro peritoneal

Some structures are plastered against the abdominal wall

36

Midgut hangs from what

Root of the mesentary

37

What is in primary retro peritoneal

Inferior vena cava
Aorta
Kidneys
Adrenal glands

38

What is in secondary retro peritoneal

Pancreas
Duodenum
Ascending colon
Descending colon

39

How do we differ from cats

No secondary retro peritoneal components

Longer abdomens

Suspended from dorsal body wall

40

How long is the GI text in an adult

9m long