Lecture 4 (Blood Vessels and Systematic Circulation) Flashcards Preview

Anatomy Exam 1 > Lecture 4 (Blood Vessels and Systematic Circulation) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Lecture 4 (Blood Vessels and Systematic Circulation) Deck (12):
1

Arteries

Thick smooth muscle, elastic membranes

2

Veins

Thin
Elastic tunica media is not as thick

3

Varicose Veins

the flaps have failed
They look blue and are large and dilated
Happen:
Congenital (genetics)
By occupational stand a lot, assembly line works, Desk jobs, no exercise
Obesity: too much pressure on the veins
Pregnancy
FIX: Stripping the veins

4

Pulmonary and Umbilical arteries

Deoxygenated blood

5

Pulmonary and Umbilical veins

Oxygenated blood

6

Systemic arteries

Oxygenated Blood

7

Systemic veins

deoxygenated blood

8

Coronary Bypass Surgery

Internal thoracic vessels
Artery: one end is used and hook it to the heart
Veins: remove them completelety

9

Internal Illac

Bladder Prostrate penis utheral

10

Risk factors of arterial disease

age
male
blood cholesterol lvls and blood pressure
smoking tobacco
obesity
diabetes
family history
plaque moving to smaller arteries

11

Aneurysm

Dilation
Weakness in the wall
Can happen in an artery
Aorta is the most common, before the iliacs
Balloon of blood
Dangerous if rupture
AAA (abdomen aorta aneurysm

12

Superficial Veins

Right under the skin, can see them